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Abè, T.H. 1967a. The armoured Dinoflagellata: II. Prorocentridae and Dinophysidae (A). Publ. Seto Mar. Biol. Lab. 14: 369-389.

Fukuyo, Y., H. Takano, M. Chihara and K. Matsuoka 1990. Red Tide Organisms in Japan. An Illustrated Taxonomic Guide. Uchida Rokakuho, Co., Ltd., Tokyo. 407 pp.

Giacobbe, M.G. 1995. Morphological observations on Dinophysis species (Dinophyceae) from Mediterranean coastal waters. Cryptogamie, Algol. 16: 233-245.

Hallegraeff, G.M. and I.A.N. Lucas 1988. The marine dinoflagellate genus Dinophysis (Dinophyceae): photosynthetic, neritic and non-photosynthetic, oceanic species. Phycologia 27: 25-42.

Hallegraeff, G. 1987. Red tides in the Australasian region. CSIRO Mar. Lab, Rep. 187.

Igarashi, T. 1986. Occurrence of Dinophysis fortii, a dinoflagellate responsible for diarrhetic shellfish poisoning at Kesennuma Bay. Bull. Tohoku Reg. Fish. Res. Lab. 48: 137-144.

Ishimaru, T., H. Inoue, Y. Fukuyo and M. Kodama 1988. Cultures of Dinophysis fortii and D. acuminata with the cryptomonad Plagioselmis sp. Proc. Japan. Soc. Mycotoxic., Spec. Iss. 1: 19-20.

Larsen, J. and O. Moestrup 1992. Potentially toxic phytoplankton. 2. Genus Dinophysis (Dinophyceae). In: J.A. Lindley (ed), ICES Identification Leaflets for Plankton. ICES, Copenhagen, 180: 1-12.

Lee, J.-S., T. Igarashi, S. Fraga, E. Dahl, P. Hovgaard and T. Yasumoto 1989. Determination of diarrhetic toxins in various dinoflagellate species. J. Appl. Phycol. 1: 147-152.

Miyazono, A. and T. Minoda 1990. Regional distribution of dinoflagellate population off the coasts of Hokkaido in the Japan and Okhotsk Seas from spring to autumn, 1983. J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jap. 46: 96-106.

Osaka, K. and N. Takabayashi 1985. Annual change in distribution of the toxic dinoflagellate Dinophysis fortii along the coast of northern Japan. Bull. Mar. Sci. 37: 773 (abstract).

Pavillard, J. 1923. A propos de la systematique des peridiniens. Bull. Soc. Bot. France 70: 876-882.

Pavillard, J. 1925. A propos de la systematique des peridiniens. Bull. Soc. France 70: 881.

Steidinger, K.A. and K. Tangen 1996. Dinoflagellates. In: C.R. Tomas (ed), Identifying Marine Diatoms and Dinoflagellates, Academic Press, New York: 387-598.

Taylor, F.J.R., Y. Fukuyo and J. Larsen 1995. Taxonomy of harmful dinoflagellates. In: G.M. Hallegraeff, D.M. Anderson and A.D. Cembella (eds), Manual on Harmful Marine Microalgae, IOC Manuals and Guides No. 33. UNESCO, France: 283-317.

Yasumoto, T., Y. Oshima, W. Sugawara, Y. Fukuyo, H. Oguri, T. Igarashi and H. Fujita 1980. Identification of Dinophysis fortii as the causative organism of diarrhetic shellfish poisoning. Bull. Jpn. Soc. Sci. Fish. 46: 1405-1411.

Yasumoto, T. 1990. Marine microorganisms toxins - an overview. In: E. Graneli, B. Sundstrom, L. Edler and D.M. Anderson (eds), Toxic Marine Phytoplankton, Elsevier, New York: 3-8.

Dinophysis fortii