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Alvito, P., I. Sousa, S. Franca, M.A. de M. Sampayo 1990. Diarrhetic shellfish toxins in bivalve molluscs along the coast of Portugal. In: E. Graneli, B. Sundstrom, L. Edler and D.M. Anderson (eds), Toxic Marine Phytoplankton, Elsevier, New York: 443-448.

Balech, E. 1976. Some Norwegian Dinophysis species (Dinoflagellata). Sarsia 61: 75-94.

Burns, D.A. and J.S. Mitchell 1982. Dinoflagellates of the genus Dinophysis Ehrenberg from New Zealand coastal waters. N.Z. J. Mar. Fresh. Res. 16: 289-298.

Dahl, E. and M. Yndestad 1985. Diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP) in Norway in the autumn 1984 related to the occurrence of Dinophysis spp. In: D.M. Anderson, A.W. White and D.G. Baden (eds), Toxic Dinoflagellates, Elsevier, New York: 495-500.

Dodge, J.D. 1982. Marine Dinoflagellates of the British Isles. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London. 303 pp.

Dodge, J.D. 1985. Atlas of Dinoflagellates. Farrand Press, London. 119 pp.

Edler, L. and M. Hageltorn 1990. Identification of the causative organism of a DSP-outbreak on the Swedish west coast. In: E. Graneli, B. Sundstrom and D.M. Anderson (eds), Toxic Marine Phytoplankton, Elsevier, New York: 345-349.

Ehrenberg, C.G. 1839. Uber noch jetzt zahlreich lebende Thierarten der Kreidebildung und den Organismus der Polythalamien. Abhandlunger der Deutschen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin: 81-174.

Freudenthal, A.R. and J. Jijina 1985. Shellfish poisoning episodes involving or coincidental with dinoflagellates. In: D.M. Anderson, A.W. White and D.G. Baden (eds), Toxic Dinoflagellates, Elsevier, New York: 461-466.

Hansen, G. 1993. Dimorphic individuals of Dinophysis acuta and D. norvegica (Dinophyceae) from Danish waters. Phycologia 32: 73-75.

Krogh, P., L. Edler, E. Graneli and U. Nyman 1985. Outbreak of diarrheic shellfish poisoning on the west coast of Sweden. In: D.M. Anderson, A.W. White and D.G. Baden (eds), Toxic Dinoflagellates, Elsevier, New York: 501-503.

Larsen, J. and O. Moestrup 1992. Potentially toxic phytoplankton. 2. Genus Dinophysis (Dinophyceae). In: J.A. Lindley (ed), ICES Identification Leaflets for Plankton. ICES, Copenhagen, 180: 1-12.

Lebour, M.V. 1925. The Dinoflagellates of Northern Seas. Marine Biol. Assoc. U.K., Plymouth. 250 pp.

Lee, J.-S., T. Igarashi, S. Fraga, E. Dahl, P. Hovgaard and T. Yasumoto 1989. Determination of diarrhetic toxins in various dinoflagellate species. J. Appl. Phycol. 1: 147-152.

Moita, M.T. and M.A. de M. Sampayo 1993. Are there cysts in the genus Dinophysis? In: T.J. Smayda and Y. Shimizu (eds), Toxic Phytoplankton Blooms in the Sea, Elsevier, Amsterdam: 153-157.

Pavillard, J. 1909. Sur les peridiniens du Golfe du Lion. Bull. Soc. Bot. France, ser. 4, 9: 277-284.

Reguera, B., I. Bravo and S. Fraga 1990. Distribution of Dinophysis acuta at the time of a DSP outbreak in the rias of Pontevedra and Vigo (Galicia, NW Spain). ICES CM 1990/L: 14.

Sampayo, M.A. de M., P. Alvito, S. Franca and I. Sousa 1990. Dinophysis spp. toxicity and relation to accompanying species. In: E. Graneli, B. Sundstrom, L. Edler and D.M. Anderson (eds), Toxic Marine Phytoplankton, Elsevier, New York: 215-220.

Steidinger, K.A. and K. Tangen 1996. Dinoflagellates. In: C.R. Tomas (ed), Identifying Marine Diatoms and Dinoflagellates, Academic Press, New York: 387-598.

Taylor, F.J.R., Y. Fukuyo and J. Larsen 1995. Taxonomy of harmful dinoflagellates. In: G.M. Hallegraeff, D.M. Anderson and A.D. Cembella (eds), Manual on Harmful Marine Microalgae, IOC Manuals and Guides No. 33. UNESCO, France: 283-317.

Underdahl, B., M. Yndestad and T. Aune 1985. DSP intoxication in Norway and Sweden, autumn 1984-spring 1985. In: D.M. Anderson, A.W. White and D.G. Baden (eds), Toxic Dinoflagellates, Elsevier, New York: 489-494.

Yasumoto, T. 1990. Marine microorganisms toxins - an overview. In: E. Graneli, B. Sundstrom, L. Edler and D.M. Anderson (eds), Toxic Marine Phytoplankton, Elsevier, New York: 3-8.

Dinophysis acuta