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Abè, T.H. 1967b. The armoured Dinoflagellata: II. Prorocentridae and Dinophysidae (B) - Dinophysis and its allied genera. Publ. Seto Mar. Biol. Lab. 15: 37-78.

Balech, E. 1976. Some Norwegian Dinophysis species (Dinoflagellata). Sarsia 61: 75-94.

Cembella, A.D. 1989. Occurrence of okadaic acid, a major diarrheic shellfish toxin, in natural populations of Dinophysis spp. from the eastern coast of North America. J. Appl. Phycol. 1: 307-310.

Claparède, E. and J. Lachmann 1858-1859. Etude sur les infusiores et les rhizopodes. Mems. Inst. Genev. 5-6: 1-489.

Hallegraeff, G.M. and I.A.N. Lucas 1988. The marine dinoflagellate genus Dinophysis (Dinophyceae): photosynthetic, neritic and non-photosynthetic, oceanic species. Phycologia 27: 25-42.

Hoshiai, G.-i., T. Shuzuki, T. Onodera, M. Yamasaki and S. Taguchi 1997. A case of non-toxic mussels under the presence of high concentrations of toxic dinoflagellate Dinophysis acuminata that occurred in Kesennuma Bay, northern Japan. Fish. Sci. 63: 317-318.

Jacobson, D.M. & R.A. Andersen 1994. The discovery of mixotrophy in photosynthetic species of Dinophysis (Dinophyceae): light and electron microscopical observations of food vacuoles in Dinophysis acuminata, D. norvegica and two heterotrophic dinophysoid dinoflagellates. Phycologia 33:97-110.

Jacobson, D.M. and D.M. Anderson 1986. Thecate heterotrophic dinoflagellates: feeding behavior and mechanism. J. Phycol. 22: 249-258.

Kat, M. 1985. Dinophysis acuminata blooms, the distinct cause of Dutch mussel poisoning. In: D.M. Anderson, A.W. White and D.G. Baden (eds), Toxic Dinoflagellates, Elsevier, New York: 73-78.

Kat, M. 1989. Toxic and non-toxic dinoflagellate blooms on the Dutch coast. In: T. Okaichi, D.M. Anderson and T. Nemoto (eds), Red Tides, Proc. 1st Inter. Symp. Red Tides, Elsevier, New York: 73-76.

Kat, M. 1989. Toxic and non-toxic dinoflagellate blooms on the Dutch coast. In: T. Okaichi, D.M. Anderson and T. Nemoto (eds), Red Tides, Proc. 1st Inter. Symp. Red Tides, Elsevier, New York: 73-76.

Kofoid, C.A. 1907. Dinoflagellates of the San Diego region. III. Descriptions of new species. Univ. Calif. Publ. Zool. 3: 299-340.

Larsen, J. and O. Moestrup 1992. Potentially toxic phytoplankton. 2. Genus Dinophysis (Dinophyceae). In: J.A. Lindley (ed), ICES Identification Leaflets for Plankton. ICES, Copenhagen, 180: 1-12.

Lassus, P., M. Bardouil, I, Truquet, C. Le Baut and M.J. Pierre 1985. Dinophysis acuminata distrituion and toxicity along the southern Brittany coast (France): Correlation with hydrological parameters. In: D.M. Anderson, A.W. White and G.D. Baden (eds), Toxic Dinoflagellates, Elsevier, New York: 159-164.

Lebour, M.V. 1925. The Dinoflagellates of Northern Seas. Marine Biol. Assoc. U.K., Plymouth. 250 pp.

Lee, J.-S., T. Igarashi, S. Fraga, E. Dahl, P. Hovgaard and T. Yasumoto 1989. Determination of diarrhetic toxins in various dinoflagellate species. J. Appl. Phycol. 1: 147-152.

Mackenzie, L. 1991. Does Dinophysis (Dinophyceae) have a sex life? J. Phycol. 28: 399-406.

Schnepf, E. and G. Deichgraber 1983. 'Myzocytosis', a kind of endocytosis with implications to compartmentation in endosymbiosis. Observations in Paulsenella (Dinophyta). Naturwiss. 71: 218-219.

Steidinger, K.A. and K. Tangen 1996. Dinoflagellates. In: C.R. Tomas (ed), Identifying Marine Diatoms and Dinoflagellates, Academic Press, New York: 387-598.

Taylor, F.J.R., Y. Fukuyo and J. Larsen 1995. Taxonomy of harmful dinoflagellates. In: G.M. Hallegraeff, D.M. Anderson and A.D. Cembella (eds), Manual on Harmful Marine Microalgae, IOC Manuals and Guides No. 33. UNESCO, France: 283-317.

Zingone, A., M. Montresor and D. Marino 1998. Morphological variability of the potentially toxic dinoflagellate Dinophysis sacculus (Dinophyceae) and its taxonomic relationships with D. pavillardii and D. acuminata. Eur. J. Phycol. 33: 259-273.

Dinophysis acuminata