Home|Search|Identify|Taxonomic tree|Quiz|About this site|Feedback
Developed by ETI BioInformatics
Characteristics, distribution and ecology
Taxonomische classification
Synonyms and common names
Literature references
Images, audio and video
Links to other Web sites

Adachi, M., Y. Sako, A. Uchida and Y. Ishida 1995. Ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer regions (ITS) define species of the genus Alexandrium. In: P. Lassus, G. Arzul, E. Erard, P. Gentien and C. Marcaillou (eds), Harmful Marine Algal Blooms, Lavoisier, Intercept Ltd: 15-20.

Avaria, S.P. 1979. Red tides off the coast of Chile. In: L.T. Taylor and H.H. Seliger (eds), Toxic Dinoflagellate Blooms, Elsevier / North Holland, New York: 161-164.

Balech, E. 1985b. The genus Alexandrium or Gonyaulax of the tamarensis group. In: D.M. Anderson, A.W. White and D.G. Baden (eds), Toxic Dinoflagellates, Elsevier, New York: 33-38.

Balech, E. 1995. The Genus Alexandrium Halim (Dinoflagellata), Sherkin Island Marine Station, Ireland. 151 pp.

Fukuyo, Y., K. Yoshida and H. Inoue 1985. Protogonyaulax in Japanese coastal waters. In: D.M. Anderson, A.W. White and D.G. Baden (eds), Toxic Dinoflagellates, Elsevier, New York: 27-32.

Fukuyo, Y., H. Takano, M. Chihara and K. Matsuoka 1990. Red Tide Organisms in Japan. An Illustrated Taxonomic Guide. Uchida Rokakuho, Co., Ltd., Tokyo. 407 pp.

Fukuyo, Y. 1985. Morphology of Protogonyaulax tamarensis (Lebour) and Protogonyaulax catenella (Whedon and Kofoid) Taylor from Japanese coastal waters. Bull. Mar. Sci. 37: 533-534.

Hallegraeff, G.M., C.J. Bolch, S.I. Blackburn and Y. Oshima 1991. Species of the toxigenic dinoflagellate genus Alexandrium in southeastern Australian waters. Bot. Mar. 34: 575-587.

Hallegraeff, G.M. 1991. Aquaculturists Guide to Harmful Australian Microalgae. Fishing Industry Training Board of Tasmania/CSIRO Division of Fisheries, Hobart, 111 pp.

Meksumpun, S., S. Montani and M. Uematsu 1994. Elemental components of cyst walls of three marine phytoflagellates, Chattonella antiqua (Raphidophyceae), Alexandrium catenella adn Scrippsiella trochoidea (Dinophyceae). Phycologia 33: 275-280.

Nishitani, L. and K. Chew 1988. PSP toxins in the Pacific coast states: monitoring programs and effects on bivalve industries. J. Shell. Res. 7: 653-669.

Ogata, T. and M. Kodama 1986. Ichthyotoxicity found in cultured media of Protogonyaulax spp. Mar. Biol. 92: 31-34.

Onoue, Y., T. Noguchi and K. Hashimoto 1980. Studies on paralytic shellfish poison from the oyster cultured in Senzaki Bay, Yamaguchi Prefecture. Bull. Japan. Soc. Sci. Fish. 46: 1031-1034.

Onoue, Y., T. Noguchi, J. Maruyama, Y. Uneda, K. Hashimoto and T. Ikeda 1981a. Comparison of PSP compositions between toxic oysters and Protogonyaulax catenella from Senzaki Bay, Yamaguchi Prefecture. Bull. Japan. Soc. Sci. Fish. 47: 1347-1350.

Onoue, Y., T. Noguchi, J. Maruyama, K. Hasimoto and T. Ikeda 1981b. New toxins separated from oysters and Protogonyaulax catenella from Senzaki Bay, Yamaguchi Prefecture. Bull. Japan. Soc. Sci. Fish. 47: 1643.

Prakash, A., J.C. Medcof and A.D. Tennant 1971. Paralytic shellfish poisoning in eastern Canada. Bull. Fish. Res. Bd. Can. 177: 1-87.

Sharpe, C.A. 1981. Paralytic shellfish poison, California- Summer 1980. State of California Dept. Health Services-Sanitary Engineering Section.

Steidinger, K.A. and K. Tangen 1996. Dinoflagellates. In: C.R. Tomas (ed), Identifying Marine Diatoms and Dinoflagellates, Academic Press, New York: 387-598.

Taylor, F.J.R., Y. Fukuyo and J. Larsen 1995. Taxonomy of harmful dinoflagellates. In: G.M. Hallegraeff, D.M. Anderson and A.D. Cembella (eds), Manual on Harmful Marine Microalgae, IOC Manuals and Guides No. 33. UNESCO, France: 283-317.

Taylor, F.J.R. 1979b. The toxigenic gonyaulacoid dinoflagellates. In: Taylor, D.L. and H.H. Seliger (eds), Toxic Dinoflagellate Blooms, Elsevier / North-Holland, New York: 47-56.

Whedon, W.F. and C.A. Kofoid 1936. Dinoflagellata of the San Diego region. I. On the skeletal morphology of two new species, Gonyaulax catenella and G. acatenella. Univ. Calf. Publ. Zool. 41: 25-31.

Yoshimatsu, S. 1981. Sexual reproduction of Protogonyaulax catenella in culture I. Heterothallism. Bull. Plank. Soc. Jpn. 28: 131-139.

Alexandrium catenella