The following people have assisted in compiling this CD-ROM entitled:
HARMFUL MARINE DINOFLAGELLATES
Data and illustrations:
Dr. Donald M. Anderson, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Dr. C. Andreis, University of Milan
Dr. G.T. Boalch, The Laboratory-Citadel Hill
Dr. Susan Blackburn, CSIRO Division of Fisheries
Dr. Susan H. Brawley, University of Maine
Dr. JoAnn M. Burkholder, North Carolina State University
Dr. Berri Dale, University of Oslo
Dr. John D. Dodge, Royal Holloway College
Dr. Maria A. Faust, Smithsonian Institution
Dr. Yasuvo Fukuyo, University of Tokyo
Dr. Daniel Grzebyk, CREMA-L'Houmeau (CNRS-IFREMER)
Ms. Rose A. Gulledge, Smithsonian Institution
Dr. Gustaaf Hallegraeff, University of Tasmania
Dr. Giorgio Honsell, Universita degri Studi di Udine
Dr. Takeo Horiguchi, Hokkaido University
Dr. Jacob Larsen, IOC-Danida Science and Communication Centre on HAB
Dr. Jane Lewis, University of Westminster
Dr. Alan J. Lewitus, Belle W. Baruch Institute for Coastal Research
Dr. Lincoln Mackenzie, Cawthron Institute
Dr. David G. Mann, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh
Dr. Kazumi Matsuoka, Nagasaki University
Dr. Maria Montresor, Stazione Zoologica 'A. Dohrn'
Dr. Steve L. Morton, NOAA National Ocean Service
Dr. Toshitaka Nishijima, Kochi University
Dr. Dean R. Norris, Florida Institute of Technology
Dr. A. Prakash, Bedford Institute of Oceanography
Dr. Karen Steidinger, Florida Marine Research Institute
Dr. Haruyoshi Takayama, Hiroshima Fisheries Experimental Station
Dr. F.J.R. Taylor, University of British Columbia
Dr. Patricia Tester, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Dr. Saburo Toriumi, Higashi Senior High School
Dr. Katsuhisa Yuki, Matoya Oyster Research Laboratory
Dr. Andriana Zingone, Stazione Zoologica 'A. Dohrn'
All figures and photographs used from Journal of Phycology were reproduced by permission from the journal.
Maria A. Faust, Ph.D. Research Scientist
Rose A. Gulledge, M.S. Museum Specialist
National Museum of Natural History
Museum Support Center
Department of Systematic Biology - Botany
4201 Silver Hill Road
Suitland, Maryland 20746
The Smithsonian Institution
The Smithsonian Institution was founded in 1846 with funds established in trust to the government of the United States by the will of James Smithson in 1835. The Institution holds more than 140 million artifacts and specimens in its trust for the "the increase and diffusion of knowledge". The Institution has no simple label, what it possesses instead is a rich kaleidoscopic history. It is the child of science, of adventure, and of America's fortunes through more than a century of growth and change. The Smithsonian is composed of sixteen museums, including the National Museum of Natural History, the National Zoological Park, and numerous research facilities in the United States and other countries.
Research in the Department of Botany of the National Museum of Natural History relies on the collections of the U.S. Herbarium, some of whose collections predate the founding of the Smithsonian. The first of these botanical collections (1838 and 1842) was accessed into the Smithsonian Institution in 1848. The U.S. National herbarium itself was officially established in 1896, within the Smithsonian's Division of Plants. Current holdings total 4.5 million plant and algal specimens. The herbarium is especially rich in type specimens, about 90,000 species. All the collection and publication information for types is now in an electronic database to facilitate data retrieval. Recently the Department of Botany has became part of the Department of Systematic Biology, NMNH.
Plant researchers in the Department of Systematic Biology - Botany seek to discover and describe the diversity of plant life in marine and terrestrial environments, to interpret the evolutionary origin of this diversity, and to explain the process responsible for this diversity. Research scientists pursue taxonomic work on plant groups, plant life of particular geographic regions (floras), and various other aspects of systematics. They attempt to understand relationships on various taxonomic and ecological levels of organization. The region and topic of researcher interest are worldwide and range from the highest mountains to the deepest parts of the ocean.
Algal collections include marine algae, dinoflagellates, diatoms and cyanobacteria. Curation of the Type Registry of Dinoflagellates and the Research Collection of Dinoflagellate Images are part of the U.S. National Dinoflagellate Collection in the Department of the Systematic Biology - Botany, NMNH, Museum Support Center, Suitland, Maryland, U.S.A. This worldwide collection was established in 1987. Research on the collection focuses on the systematics of dinoflagellate taxa, their comparative morphology, biodiversity, phylogeny, physiology (including life cycles), ecology, and geography of harmful and non-toxic species from tropical shallow-water coastal ecosystems. Specimens are benthic, epiphytic and planktonic populations from water, sand, detritus and macroalgae. Major collections include specimens from the Caribbean Sea: Atlantic Barrier Reef ecosystem, Belize and Puerto Rico; East China Sea, Japan: Okinawa, Sesoko, Ireomote and Ishigaki Islands; and South West Indian Ocean: Mascareignes Archipelago.