Home|Search|Identify|Taxonomic tree|Quiz|About this site|Feedback
Developed by ETI BioInformatics
Characteristics, distribution and ecology
Taxonomische classification
Synonyms and common names
Literature references
Images, audio and video
Links to other Web sites

Rathke, 1837

Description:
Rostrum straight or very slightly upcurved; seven to nine dorsal teeth, three ventral teeth (rarely two or four), tip often bifid. Three (occasionally two) of the dorsal teeth behind posterior edge of the orbit.
Carapace with antennal and branchiostegal spines. Antennules triramous; shorter ramus of the outer flagellum stout, about equal in length to peduncle and fused for about two-fifths of its length to longer ramus. Outer edge of stylocerite straight or very slightly concave; anterior border convex, becoming markedly concave adjacent to apical spine.
Scaphocerite extends to proximal half of propus of pereiopod 2 (maximum); apical spine not exceeding lamellar portion. Third maxilliped about 0.5 x length of scaphocerite; exopod present.
Mandible with incisor and molar process, and two-segmented palp. Dactyl of pereiopod one third the length of propus; carpus equal to or very slightly longer than merus.
Telson with two pairs of lateral spines.

Size:
Length up to 63 mm.

Colour:
Carapace and pleonites with dark yellow-brown bands. Rostrum colourless or with small red chromatophores. Legs with yellow and blue bands.

Habitat:
Essentially a shore-dwelling species, frequently occurring in rock-pools around mid-tide level and sometimes higher. May also occur in shallow water close offshore. Hyperbenthic species, may swim up at night. This species may move offshore during winter in northern latitudes P. elegans is omnivorous, feeding on algae, small crustaceans and foraminiferans.
Ovigerous females occur from April-May to August-September. Many females produce two broods per season.

Distribution in the North Sea:
All North Sea.

World distribution:
Ranges from SW Norway to the coasts of SW Africa. Known also from the Baltic, Mediterranean, Black Sea, Caspian Sea and the Azores.

Palaemon elegans