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Alcock, A. & A.R.S. Anderson, 1894b. Natural history notes from H.M. Indian Marine Survey Steamer Investigator. Ser. II, No. 17. List of the shore and shallow-water Brachyura collected during the season 1893-1894. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 63, part 2(4): 197-209.

Alcock, A.W., 1896. Materials for a carcinological fauna of India. No. 2. The Brachyura Oxystomata. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 65, part2(2): 134-296, pls 6-8.

André, M., 1931. Crustacés Décapodes provenant de l'Institut océanographique de Nha-Trang (Annam). 1. Brachyura. Bulletin du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, (2) 3(7): 638-650.

Balss, H., 1922b. Ostasiatische Decapoden III. Die Dromiaceen, Oxystomen und Parthenopiden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, 88A(3): 104-140, figs 1-9. (In German)

Balss, H., 1935b. Brachyura of the Hamburg Museum Expedition to south-western Australia, 1905. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Western Australia, 21: 113-151, figs 1-5, pl. 13.

Barnard, K.H., 1947. Descriptions of new species of South African Decapod Crustacea, with notes on synonymy and new records. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, London, (11) 13(102): 361-392.

Barnard, K.H., 1950. Descriptive catalogue of South African Decapod Crustacea (Crabs and Shrimps). Annals of the South African Museum, 38: 1-837, figs 1-154.

Bosc, L.A.G., 1802. Histoire naturelle des Crustacés, contenant leur description et leurs moeurs, avec figures dessinées d'après nature, 2: 1-296, pls 9-18. Paris.

Bosc, L.A.G., 1828-1830. Manuel de l'Histoire naturelle des Crustacés, contenant leur description et leurs moeurs; avec figures dessinées d'après nature. Edition mise au niveau des connaissances actuelles par A. G. Desmarest, 1: 1-328, pls 1-9; 2: 1-306, 13 pls. Paris.

Brito-Capello, F. de, 1871a. Algunas especies novas ou pouco conhecidas de Crustaceos pertencentes aos generos Callappa e Telphusa. Jornal de sciências mathematicas, physicas, e naturaes, publicado sob ob auspicos da Academia real das sciências de Lisboa, 3: 128-134, pl. 2, figs 1-42.

Buitendijk, A.M., 1939. Biological results of the Snellius Expedition. V. The Dromiacea, Oxystomata and Oxyrhyncha of the Snellius Expedition. Temminckia, 4: 223-276, figs 1-27, pls 7-11.

Chang, C.M., 1963. A check list of Taiwan crabs with descriptions of 19 new records. Tunghai Journal, Taichung, 5(2): 95-118, figs 1-10, pls 1-2.

Chen, H. & Z. Xu, 1991. Studies on the crabs of the Nansha Islands, China. In: Symposium of Marine Biological Research from Nansha Islands and adjacent seas. Collected Papers, No. 3: 48-106, figs 1-36. (In Chinese with English summary)

Chen, H., 1993b. The Calappidae (Crustacea: Brachyura) of Chinese waters. In: B. Morton (ed.), The Marine Biology of the South China Sea. Proceedings of the First International Conference on the Marine Biology of Hong Kong and the South Chine Sea: 675-704.

Chhapgar, B.F., 1957a. On the marine crabs (Decapoda, Brachyura) of Bombay State. Part I. Journal of the Bombay natural History Society, 54(2): 399-439, figs, 1-2, pls A, 1-11.

Chopra, B.N., 1933a. Further notes on Crustacea Decapoda in the Indian Museum. III. On the Decapod Crustacea collected by the Bengal Pilot Service off the mouth of the River Hughli. Dromiacea and Oxystomata. Record of the Indian Museum, Calcutta, 35(1): 25-52, 7 figs. [1933/III]

Dai, A. & S. Yang, 1991. Crabs of the China Seas, i-iv, 1-608, figs 1-295, pls 1-74. China Ocean Press, Beijing and Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, English edition. (Translation from Chinese original 1986.)

Dai, A., S. Yang, Y. Song & G. Chen, 1986. Crabs of Chinese Seas, i-iv, 1-642, figs 1-295, pls 1-74. Ocean Press, Beijing. (In Chinese.)

Dawydoff, M.C., 1952. Contribution à l'étude des invertébrés de la faune marine benthique de l'Indochine. Bulletin biologique de la France et de la Belgique, supplément, 37: 1-158.

de Haan, W., 1833-1849. Crustacea. In: Ph.F. von Siebold, Fauna Japonica sive Descriptio Animalium, quae in Itinere per Japoniam, Jussu et Auspiciis Superiorum, qui Summum in India Batava Imperium Tenent, Suscepto, Annis 1823-1830 Collegit, Notis, Observationibus et Adumbrationibus Illustravit: ix-xvi, i-xxi, vii-xvii, 1-243, pls A-J, L-Q, 1-55, circ. tab. 2. (For dates see Sherborn & Jentink, 1895 and Holthuis, 1953.)

de Man, J.G., 1888d. Bericht über die von Herrn. Dr. J. Brock im indischen Archipel gesammelten Decapoden und Stomatopoden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin, 53(pt. 1): 289-600, pls 11-22a.

Doflein, F., 1902. Ostasiatische Dekapoden. Abhandlungen der königlichen bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, München, (2) 21(3): 613-670, figs 1-4, pls 1-6.

Doflein, F., 1904. Brachyura. In: C. Chun, Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition auf dem Dampfer Valdivia 1898-1899, Jena, 6: i-xiv, 1-314, figs 1-68, pl. 1. Atlas: pls 1-58, 1 map.

Fabricius, J.C., 1798. Supplementatum Entomologiae systematicae, pp. 1-572. Hafniae, Proft & Storch.

Galil, B.S., 1997a. Crustacea Decapoda: A revision of the Indo-Pacific species of the genus Calappa Weber, 1795 (Calappidae). In: A. Crosnier (ed.), Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM, Volume 19. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, 176: 271-335, figs 1-35.

Gibbes, L.R., 1850. On the carcinological collections of the cabinets of natural history in the United States with an enumeration of the species contained therein, and descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Third Meeting of the American Association for Advancement of Science, 3: 167-201.

Griffin, D.J.G., 1972. Brachyura collected by Danish expeditions in south-eastern Australia (Crustacea, Decapoda). Steenstrupia, 2(5): 49-90, figs 1-3.

Guinot, D., 1967a. La faune carcinologique (Crustacea Brachyura) de l'Océan Indien Occidental et de la Mer Rouge: Catalogue, remarques biogéographiques et bibliographiques. In: Réunion de Spécialistes C.S.A. sur les Crustacés, Zanzibar 1964. Mémoires de l'Institut fondamental d'Afrique Noire, 77 (1966): 235-352, pls 1-26, 1 table.

Heller, C., 1865. Die Crustaceen. 1. In: Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857-1859 under den Befehlen des Commodors B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair, Zoologischer Theil, 2(pt. 3): 1-280, pls 1-25. Wien.

Henderson, J.R., 1893. A contribution to Indian Carcinology. The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, (series 2, Zoology) 5(1): 325-458, pls 36-40.

Herbst, J.F.W., 1785. Versuch einer Naturgeschichte der Krabben und Krebse nebst einer systematischen Beschreibung ihrer verschiedenen Arten, 1(6): 183-206, pls 10-13.

Herklots, J.A., 1861. Catalogue des Crustacés, qui ont servi de base au système carcinologique de M. W. de Haan, rédigé d'après les collections du Musée des Pays-Bas et les Crustacés de la faune du Japon. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie, 4: 116-156. (Also published as a separate, in 1861, under title: Symbolae Carcinologicae. Études sur la classe des Crustacés, pages 1-43. Leiden.)

Ho, P.-H., 1996. Crabs. pp. 71-90. In: K.C. Shao (ed.), Common Seafood of Taiwan. Part 1. Taiwan Fisheries Department, Taipei. (in Chinese)

Holthuis, L.B. & T. Sakai, 1970. Ph. F. von Siebold and Fauna Japonica. A History of early Japanese Zoology. Academic Press of Japan, Tokyo, i-xviii, 1-323, pls 1-32, 7 unnumbered pls, 1 map, frontispiece. (In English and Japanese)

Ihle, J.E.W., 1918. Die Decapoda Brachyura der Siboga-Expedition. III. Oxystomata: Calappidae, Leucosiidae, Raninidae. Siboga Expeditie Monografie, 39(b2): 159-322, figs 78-148 (71 pls).

Jeng, M.-S, 1997. Studies on the land and aquatic decapod crustacean fauna of the Kenting National Park (II) Communities of decapod crustaceans around the sea. ii+66 pp. Ministry of the Interior, Taipei. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Jeng, M.-S, 1998. The Prawns and Crabs of Kenting National Park. 133 pp. Kenting National Park Hand Guides No. 14. (in Chinese)

Kamita, T., 1941b. Studies of the Decapod Crustaceans of Chosen. Pt. I. Crabs. The Fisheries Society of Chosen, Keijo, 1-289, figs 1-147, 2 pls, 1 map.

Kensley, B., 1969. Decapod Crustacea from the South-West Indian Ocean. Annals of the South African Museum, 52(7): 149-181, figs 1-16.

Kim, H.S. & C.Y. Chang, 1985. The brachyuran crabs of Cheju Island, Korea (Crustacea: Decapoda). The Korean Journal of Systematic Zoology, 1(1-2): 41-60, figs 1-4.

Kim, H.S., 1970. A checklist of the Anomura and Brachyura (Crustacea, Decapoda) of Korea. Seoul University Journal, Biology and Agriculture (Series B), 21: 1-34, fig. 1, pls 1-5.

Kim, H.S., 1973. A Catalogue of Anomura and Brachyura from Korea. In: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Fauna and Flora of Korea, Samhwa Publishing Company, 14: 1-694, figs 1-265, pls 1-112, tabls 1-2, 1 map. Seoul. (In Korean with English summary)

Latreille, P.A., 1803a. Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière, des Crustacés et des Insectes. Volume 5: 1-406, pls 38-43. Paris.

Latreille, P.A., 1829. Les Crustacés, les Arachnides et le Insectes, distribués en familles naturelles. In: G. Cuvier, Le Règne Animal distribué d'après son organisation, pour servir de base à l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction à l'anatomie comparée, edition 2, 4: xxvii, 1-584. (Deterville, Paris).

Laurie, R.D., 1906. Report on the Brachyura collected by Professor Herdman, at Ceylon, in 1902. In: W.A. Herdman, Report to the Government of Ceylon on the Pearl Oyster Fisheries of the Gulf of Manaar with supplementary reports upon the Marine Biology of Ceylon by other Naturalists, part 5, suppl. Rep. 40: 349-432, figs 1-12, pls 1-2.

Lin, C.C., 1949. A catalogue of Brachyurous Crustacea of Taiwan. Quarterly Journal of the Taiwan Museum, 2(1): 10-33.

Matsuzawa, K., 1977. Sea shore animals of Muroto, Kochi Prefecture, 13 pp., 126 pls. (In Japanese)

Miers, E.J., 1880b. On a collection of Crustacea from the Malaysian Region. Part II. Thelphusidae, Catometopa, and Oxystomata. Annals and Magazine of natural History, (5) 5: 304-317, pl. 14.

Miers, E.J., 1886. Report on the Brachyura collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876. In: C.W. Thompson & J. Murray, Report on the Scientific Results of the exploring Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876, under the command of Captain George S. Nares, R.N., F.R.S. and the Late Captain Frank Tourle Thomson, R.N., Zoology, 17(2): i-xli, 1-362, pls 1-29.

Milne-Edwards, H., 1837. Histoire naturelle des Crustacés, comprenant l'anatomie, la physiologie et la classification de ces animaux. Libraire Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, Vol. 2: 1-532, pls 1-2, 7-8, 10, 14, 18-19, 21, 24. (See Holthuis, 1979, for dates of publication.)

Miyake, S., K. Sakai & S. Nishikawa, 1962. A fauna-list of the decapod Crustacea from the coasts washed by the Tsushima Warm Current. Records of Oceanographic Works in Japan, Special no. 6: 121-131.

Miyake, S., 1983. Japanese Crustacean Decapods and Stomatopods in color. Vol. II. Brachyura (Crabs), i-viii, 1-277, pls 1-64. Hoikusha, Osaka. (In Japanese; second edition in 1992)

Monod, T., 1928. Les Calappa de la côte occidentale d'Afrique. Bulletin de la Société des Sciences naturelles du Maroc, 8(4-6): 109-127, 13 figs.

Muraoka, K., 1998. Catalogue of the Brachyuran and Anomuran Crabs donated by Prof. Dr. Tune Sakai to the Kanagawa Prefectural Museum. Catalogue of the Collection in the Kanagawa Prefectural Museum of Natural History, 11: 5-67, pls 1-16.

Nauck, E., 1880. Das Kaugerüst der Brachyuren (mit Beschreibung neuer Gattungen und Arten, z. T. von C. Semper). Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie, Leipzig, 34(1): 1-69, 2 figs, pl. 1.

Ng, P.K.L., H.-L. Chen & T.-Y. Chan, 1999a. Taxonomic notes on three Indo-West Pacific species of Calappa (Decapoda: Brachyura: Calappidae). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 47: 365-407.

Ng, P.K.L., 1998c. Crabs. In: K.E. Carpenter & N. Volker (eds.), FAO Species Identification Guide for fishery purposes. the living marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 1. Food and Agriculture Organisation, Rome: 1046-1155.

Ortmann, A.E., 1892. Die Decapoden-Krebse des Strassburger Museums, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der von Herrn Dr. Döderlein bei Japan und bei den Liu-Kiu-Inseln gesammelten und z.Z. im Strassburger Museum aufbewahrten Formen. Theil V. Die Abtheilungen Hippidea, Dromiidea und Oxystomata. Zoologischer Jahresbericht (Syst.), 6: 532-588, pl. 26.

Parisi, B., 1914. I Decapodi giapponesi del Museo di Milano. I. Oxystomata. Atti della Societa italiana di Scienze naturali e del Museo civico di Storia naturale, Milano, 53: 280-312 (pages 5-35 on separate), figs 1-5, pls 11-13.

Pillai, N.K., 1951. Decapoda (Brachyura) from Travancore. Central Research Institute, Univ. of Travancore, Trivandrum, Bull., (C) 2(1): 1-46, figs 1-5.

Rathbun, M.J., 1910d. Decapod Crustaceans of the Northwest Coast of North America. Harriman Alaska Expedition, Alaska, 10 (Crustaceans): 3-190, figs 1-95, pls 1-10.

Rathbun, M.J., 1923a. Report on the Crabs obtained by the F.I.S. Endeavour on the coasts of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, and Tasmania. 3. Biological Results of the Fishing Experiments carried on by the F.I.S. Endeavour 1909-14. Australian Dept. Trade & Customs, Fisheries, Sydney, 5(3): 95-156, figs 1-3, pls 16-42.

Sakai, K., 1999. J.F.W. Herbst - collection of Decapod Crustacea of the Berlin Zoologica Museum, with remarks on certain species. Naturalists, Publications of Tokushima Biological Laboratory, Shikoku University, 6: 1-45, pls 1-21.

Sakai, T., 1934a. Brachyura from the coast of Kyushu, Japan. Science Reports of the Tokyo Bunrika Daigaku, (B) 1(25): 281-330, figs 1-26, pls 17-18 (in colour).

Sakai, T., 1935a. List of marine animals around Shimoda area. Biological report of Shimoda Marine Biological Station, Tokyo University of Literature and Science, 1: 23-85, 3 pls, 2 maps (In Japanese)

Sakai, T., 1936b. Crabs of Japan: 66 plates in life colours with descriptions. Sanseido, Tokyo (1935): 1-239, figs 1-122, 27 pages of bibliography & index, frontispiece (in colour), pls 1-66 (colour). (In Japanese)

Sakai, T., 1937a. Studies on the Crabs of Japan. II. Oxystomata. Science Reports of the Tokyo Bunrika Daigaku, (B) 3 (Suppl. no. 2): 67-192, 45 figs, pls 10-19.

Sakai, T., 1956. Crabs (edition 1), i-xii, 1-224 (Japanese text), appendix 1-60 (list of Latin names), figs 1-71, pls 1-6 (2 coloured). Shisei-Shoin, Tokyo. (In Japanese)

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Calappa lophos