Home|Search|Identify|Taxonomic tree|Quiz|About this site|Feedback
Developed by ETI BioInformatics
Characteristics, distribution and ecology
Taxonomische classification
Synonyms and common names
Literature references
Images, audio and video
Links to other Web sites

Alcock, A.W., 1896. Materials for a carcinological fauna of India. No. 2. The Brachyura Oxystomata. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 65, part2(2): 134-296, pls 6-8.

Balss, H., 1921a. Crustacea VI: Decapoda Anomura (Paguridea) und Brachyura (Dromiacea bis Brachygnatha I). In: W. Michaelsen, Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresfauna Westafrikas, 3(2): 37-67, figs 1-7.

Barnard, K.H., 1947. Descriptions of new species of South African Decapod Crustacea, with notes on synonymy and new records. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, London, (11) 13(102): 361-392.

Barnard, K.H., 1950. Descriptive catalogue of South African Decapod Crustacea (Crabs and Shrimps). Annals of the South African Museum, 38: 1-837, figs 1-154.

Borradaile, L.A., 1903a. Marine Crustaceans. IV. Some remarks on the classification of the crabs. V. The Crabs of the Catometope families. VI. The sand Crabs (Oxystomata). VII. The Barnacles. In: J.S. Gardiner (ed.), The Fauna and Geography of the Maldive and Laccadive Archipelagoes, being the Account of the Work Carried on and of the Collections Made by an Expedition During the Years 1899 and 1900, 1(4): 424-443, pls 22. (1(4): 424-429, fig. 110; 1(4): 429-433, figs 111-114; 1(4): 434-439, figs 115-117, pl. 22.) [1903/I]

Bouvier, E.L., 1906c. Sur une petite collection de Crustacés (Décapodes et Stomatopodes) recueillis par M. Ch. Gravier à l'ile San Thomé (Afrique occidentale). Bulletin du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, 12(7): 491-498.

Bouvier, E.L., 1922. Observations complémentaires sur les Crustacés Décapodes (abstraction faite des Caridés), provenants des campagnes de S.A.S. le Prince de Monaco. Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques accomplies sur son yacht par Albert Ier Prince Souverain de Monaco, 62: 1-106, pls 1-6.

Brito-Capello, F. de, 1871a. Algunas especies novas ou pouco conhecidas de Crustaceos pertencentes aos generos Callappa e Telphusa. Jornal de sciências mathematicas, physicas, e naturaes, publicado sob ob auspicos da Academia real das sciências de Lisboa, 3: 128-134, pl. 2, figs 1-42.

Buitendijk, A.M., 1939. Biological results of the Snellius Expedition. V. The Dromiacea, Oxystomata and Oxyrhyncha of the Snellius Expedition. Temminckia, 4: 223-276, figs 1-27, pls 7-11.

Chace, F.A., Jr., 1966. Decapod Crustaceans from St. Helena Island, South Atlantic. Proceedings of the United States national Museum, 118(3536): 622-661, figs 1-15, pls 1-2.

Chang, C.M., 1963. A check list of Taiwan crabs with descriptions of 19 new records. Tunghai Journal, Taichung, 5(2): 95-118, figs 1-10, pls 1-2.

Chen, H. & Z. Xu, 1991. Studies on the crabs of the Nansha Islands, China. In: Symposium of Marine Biological Research from Nansha Islands and adjacent seas. Collected Papers, No. 3: 48-106, figs 1-36. (In Chinese with English summary)

Chen, H., 1975. Studies on the crabs of Xisha Islands, Guandong Provence, China. I. Studia marina sinica, 10: 157-179, figs 1-12, pls 1-3. (In Chinese with English summary.)

Chen, H., 1993b. The Calappidae (Crustacea: Brachyura) of Chinese waters. In: B. Morton (ed.), The Marine Biology of the South China Sea. Proceedings of the First International Conference on the Marine Biology of Hong Kong and the South Chine Sea: 675-704.

Coêlho, P.A. & M. de A. Ramos, 1973. A constituição e a distribuição da fauna de decápodos do litoral da América do Sul entre as latitudes de 5ûN e 39ûS. Trabalhos do Instituto Oceanográfico da Universidade Federal Pernambuco, Recife, 13 (1972): 133-236.

Coêlho, P.A., 1971. A distribuição dos Crustáceos decápodos reptantes do norte do Brasil. Trabalhos do Instituto Oceanográfico da Universidade Federal Pernambuco, Recife, 9/11 (1967/69, 1970): 223-238. (For dates see referencias Coêlho, P.A. & M. de Alves Ramos, 1972)

Dai, A. & S. Yang, 1991. Crabs of the China Seas, i-iv, 1-608, figs 1-295, pls 1-74. China Ocean Press, Beijing and Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, English edition. (Translation from Chinese original 1986.)

Dai, A., S. Yang, Y. Song & G. Chen, 1986. Crabs of Chinese Seas, i-iv, 1-642, figs 1-295, pls 1-74. Ocean Press, Beijing. (In Chinese.)

Dana, J.D., 1852c. Crustacea. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842, under the command of Charles Wilkes, U.S.N., 13(pt. 1): i-viii, 1-685, pl. 8.

Dawydoff, M.C., 1952. Contribution à l'étude des invertébrés de la faune marine benthique de l'Indochine. Bulletin biologique de la France et de la Belgique, supplément, 37: 1-158.

de Haan, W., 1833-1849. Crustacea. In: Ph.F. von Siebold, Fauna Japonica sive Descriptio Animalium, quae in Itinere per Japoniam, Jussu et Auspiciis Superiorum, qui Summum in India Batava Imperium Tenent, Suscepto, Annis 1823-1830 Collegit, Notis, Observationibus et Adumbrationibus Illustravit: ix-xvi, i-xxi, vii-xvii, 1-243, pls A-J, L-Q, 1-55, circ. tab. 2. (For dates see Sherborn & Jentink, 1895 and Holthuis, 1953.)

de Man, J.G., 1888b. Report on the Podophthalmous Crustacea of the Mergui Archipelago, collected for the Trustees of the Indian Museum, Calcutta, by Dr. John Anderson, F.R.S. Superintendent of the Museum. Part IV. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, (Zoology), 22(139): 177-240, pls 13-15.

de Man, J.G., 1888d. Bericht über die von Herrn. Dr. J. Brock im indischen Archipel gesammelten Decapoden und Stomatopoden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin, 53(pt. 1): 289-600, pls 11-22a.

Doflein, F., 1901. Weitere Mitteilungen über dekapode Crustaceen der K. bayerischen Staatssammlungen. Sitzungsberichte der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu München, mathematisch-physikalische Klasse, 30 (1900): 125-145, figs 1-3.

Estampador, E.P., 1937. A check list of Philippine crustacean decapods. Philippine Journal of Science, 62(4): 465-559.

Fausto-Filho, J., 1967. Sobre os calapideos do norte e nordeste do Brasil. Arquivos da Estaco de Biologia Marinha da Universidade do Ceará, 7(1): 41-62.

Forest, J. & D. Guinot, 1966. Campagne de la Calypso dans le Golfe de Guinée et aux îles Principe, So Tomé et Annobon (1956). 16. Crustacés Décapodes, Brachyoures. In: Résultats scientifiques des campagnes de la Calypso, 7. Annales de l'Institut Océanographique, Monaco, 44(1): 23-124, figs 1-19.

Galil, B.S., 1997a. Crustacea Decapoda: A revision of the Indo-Pacific species of the genus Calappa Weber, 1795 (Calappidae). In: A. Crosnier (ed.), Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM, Volume 19. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, 176: 271-335, figs 1-35.

Gauld, D.T., 1960. An annotated check-list of the Crustacea of Ghana, IV. Brachyura. Journal of the West African Science Association, 6(1): 68-72.

Guinot, D. & A. Ribeiro, 1962. Sur une collection de Crustacés Brachyoures des îles du Cap Vert et de l'Angola. Memórias da Junta de Investigacões do Ultramar, Lisboa, ser. 2, 40: 9-89, figs 1-33, pls 1-4.

Guinot, D., 1967a. La faune carcinologique (Crustacea Brachyura) de l'Océan Indien Occidental et de la Mer Rouge: Catalogue, remarques biogéographiques et bibliographiques. In: Réunion de Spécialistes C.S.A. sur les Crustacés, Zanzibar 1964. Mémoires de l'Institut fondamental d'Afrique Noire, 77 (1966): 235-352, pls 1-26, 1 table.

Henderson, J.R., 1893. A contribution to Indian Carcinology. The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, (series 2, Zoology) 5(1): 325-458, pls 36-40.

Herbst, J.F.W., 1803. Versuch einer Naturgeschichte der Krabben und Krebse, nebst einer systematischen Beschreibung ihrer verschiedenen Arten, 3(3): 1-54, pls 55-58.

Hoffmann, C.K., 1874. Crustacés et Echinodermes de Madagascar et de l'île de la Réunion. In: Pollen, F.P.L. et D.C. van Dam, Recherches sur la faune de Madagascar et de ses dépendances d'après les découvertes de François, 5(2): 1-58, pls 1-10.

Ihle, J.E.W., 1918. Die Decapoda Brachyura der Siboga-Expedition. III. Oxystomata: Calappidae, Leucosiidae, Raninidae. Siboga Expeditie Monografie, 39(b2): 159-322, figs 78-148 (71 pls).

Jeng, M.-S, 1997. Studies on the land and aquatic decapod crustacean fauna of the Kenting National Park (II) Communities of decapod crustaceans around the sea. ii+66 pp. Ministry of the Interior, Taipei. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Jeng, M.-S, 1998. The Prawns and Crabs of Kenting National Park. 133 pp. Kenting National Park Hand Guides No. 14. (in Chinese)

Klunzinger, C.B., 1906a. Die Spitz- und Spitzmundkrabben (Oxyrhyncha und Oxystomata) des Roten Meeres, Stuttgart: i-vii, 1-91, figs 1-13, pls 1-2.

Latreille, P.A., 1816a. Les Crustacés, les Arachnides et les Insectes. In: G. Cuvier, Le règne animal distribué d'après son organization, pour servir de base à l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction à l'anatomie comparée, Ed. 1, 3: i-xxix, 1-653; 4: pls 12-14. Paris.

Laurie, R.D., 1906. Report on the Brachyura collected by Professor Herdman, at Ceylon, in 1902. In: W.A. Herdman, Report to the Government of Ceylon on the Pearl Oyster Fisheries of the Gulf of Manaar with supplementary reports upon the Marine Biology of Ceylon by other Naturalists, part 5, suppl. Rep. 40: 349-432, figs 1-12, pls 1-2.

Laurie, R.D., 1915. Reports on the Marine Biology of the Sudanese Red Sea, from Collections made by Cyril Crossland, M.Z., B.Sc., F.Z.S., XXI. On the Brachyura. The Journal of the Linnean Society, London (Zoology), 31(209): 407-475, figs 1-5, pls 42-45.

Lenz, H., 1905. Ostafrikanische Dekapoden und Stomatopoden, gesammelt von Herrn Prof. Dr. A. Voeltzkow. In: A. Voeltzkow, Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Reisen in Madagaskar und Ostafrika in den Jahren 1889-1895. Vol. 3. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 27(4): 341-392, pls 47-48.

Lin, C.C., 1949. A catalogue of Brachyurous Crustacea of Taiwan. Quarterly Journal of the Taiwan Museum, 2(1): 10-33.

Longhurst, A.R., 1958. An ecological survey of the west african marine benthos. Fishery Publications, Colonial Office, London, 11: 1-102, figs 1-11.

Manning, R.B. & L.B. Holthuis, 1981. West African Brachyuran Crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda). Smithsonian Contribution to Zoology, 306: i-xii, 1-379, figs 1-88.

Michel, C., 1964. Checklist of the Crustacea Brachyura (Crabs) recorded from Mauritius. Mauritius Institute Bulletin, 6(1): 1-48.

Miers, E.J., 1886. Report on the Brachyura collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876. In: C.W. Thompson & J. Murray, Report on the Scientific Results of the exploring Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876, under the command of Captain George S. Nares, R.N., F.R.S. and the Late Captain Frank Tourle Thomson, R.N., Zoology, 17(2): i-xli, 1-362, pls 1-29.

Milne Edwards, A., 1862a. Faune carcinologique de l'île de la Réunion. In: L. Maillard, Notes sur l'île de la Réunion (Bourbon), Paris. Annexe F de l'ouvrage intitulé: F1-F16, pls 17-19.

Milne Edwards, A., 1874. Recherches sur la faune carcinologique de la Nouvelle-Calédonie. Part III. Nouvelles archives du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, 10: 39-58, pls 2-3.

Milne-Edwards, H., 1837. Histoire naturelle des Crustacés, comprenant l'anatomie, la physiologie et la classification de ces animaux. Libraire Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, Vol. 2: 1-532, pls 1-2, 7-8, 10, 14, 18-19, 21, 24. (See Holthuis, 1979, for dates of publication.)

Miyake, S., K. Sakai & S. Nishikawa, 1962. A fauna-list of the decapod Crustacea from the coasts washed by the Tsushima Warm Current. Records of Oceanographic Works in Japan, Special no. 6: 121-131.

Miyake, S., 1983. Japanese Crustacean Decapods and Stomatopods in color. Vol. II. Brachyura (Crabs), i-viii, 1-277, pls 1-64. Hoikusha, Osaka. (In Japanese; second edition in 1992)

Monod, T., 1927. Crustacea IV. Decapoda (excl. Palaemonidae, Atyidae et Potamonidae). In: T. Monod (ed.), Contrigution à la faune du Cameroun, I. Faune des Colonies françaises, 1: 593-624, figs 1-3.

Monod, T., 1928. Les Calappa de la côte occidentale d'Afrique. Bulletin de la Société des Sciences naturelles du Maroc, 8(4-6): 109-127, 13 figs.

Monod, T., 1956. Hippidea et Brachyura ouest-africains. Mémoires de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire, 45: 1-674, figs 1-884, 10 tabls.

Monod, T., 1967. Crevettes et crabes de la côte occidentale d'Afrique. In Réunion de Spécialistes C.S.A. sur les Crustacés (C.S.A. Specialist Meeting on Crustaceans), Zanzibar, 19-26 IV, 1964. Organization of African Unity Publication, 96: 103-234, pls 1-26. (Also published with same pagination in Mémoires de l'Institut Fondamental d'Afrique Noire, 77).

Müller, F., 1887. Zur Crustaceen-fauna von Trincomali. Verhandlungen der naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Basel, 8: 470-485, pls 4-5.

Muraoka, K., 1998. Catalogue of the Brachyuran and Anomuran Crabs donated by Prof. Dr. Tune Sakai to the Kanagawa Prefectural Museum. Catalogue of the Collection in the Kanagawa Prefectural Museum of Natural History, 11: 5-67, pls 1-16.

Ng, P.K.L., 2000c. Calappa pokipoki, a new species of box crab (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Calappidae) from Hawaii. Proceedings of the biological Society of Washington, 113(4): 945-955, figs 1-6.

Nobili, M.G., 1899. Contribuzione alla conoscenza della fauna carcinologica della Papuasia, della Molucche e dell' Australia. Annali del Museo civico di Storia naturale di Genova, (2) 20: 230-282.

Nobili, M.G., 1906b. Faune carcinologique de la Mer Rouge. Décapodes et Stomatopodes. Annales des Sciences naturelles, Zoologie, (9) 4(1-3): 1-347, figs 1-12, pls 1-11.

Ortmann, A.E., 1892. Die Decapoden-Krebse des Strassburger Museums, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der von Herrn Dr. Döderlein bei Japan und bei den Liu-Kiu-Inseln gesammelten und z.Z. im Strassburger Museum aufbewahrten Formen. Theil V. Die Abtheilungen Hippidea, Dromiidea und Oxystomata. Zoologischer Jahresbericht (Syst.), 6: 532-588, pl. 26.

Osorio, B., 1887a. Liste des Crustacés des posséssions Portugaises d'Afrique occidentale dans les collections du Muséum d'Histoire naturelle de Lisbonne. Jornal de sciências mathematicas, physicas, e naturaes, publicado sob ob auspicos da Academia real das sciências de Lisboa, 11: 220-231.

Osorio, B., 1887b. Liste des Crustacés des posséssions (sic) Portugaises d'Afrique Occidentale dans les collections du Muséum d'Histoire naturelle de Lisbonne (Suite). Jornal de sciências mathematicas, physicas, e naturaes, publicado sob ob auspicos da Academia real das sciências de Lisboa, 12: 186-191.

Osorio, B., 1889. Nouvelle contribution pour la connaissance de la faune carcinologique des îles Saint Thomé et du Prince. Jornal de sciências mathematicas, physicas, e naturaes, publicado sob ob auspicos da Academia real das sciências de Lisboa, (2) 1: 129-139.

Osorio, B., 1890. Note sur quelques espèces de Crustacés de l'Iles S. Thomé, du Prince et Ilheo das Rolas. Jornal de sciências mathematicas, physicas, e naturaes, publicado sob ob auspicos da Academia real das sciências de Lisboa, (2) 2: 45-49.

Osorio, B., 1898. Da distribuição geographica dos Peixes e Crustaceos colhidos nas possessões portuguezas d'Africa occidental e existentes no Museu Nacional de Lisboa. Jornal de sciências mathematicas, physicas, e naturaes, publicado sob ob auspicos da Academia real das sciências de Lisboa, (2) 5: 185-202.

Rathbun, M.J., 1897b. List of the Decapod Crustacea of Jamaica. Annals of the Institute of Jamaica, 1: 1-46.

Rathbun, M.J., 1898b. The Brachyura of the Biological Expedition to the Florida Keys and the Bahamas in 1893. Bulletin from the Laboratories of natural History of the State University of Iowa, 4(3): 250-294, pls 1-9.

Rathbun, M.J., 1898c. The Brachyura collected by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer Albatross, on the voyage from Norfolk, Virginia, to San Francisco, California, 1887-1888. Proceedings of the United States national Museum, 21(1162): 567-616, pls 41-44.

Rathbun, M.J., 1900. The Decapod Crustaceans of West Africa. Proceedings of the United States national Museum, 22(1199): 271-316, figs 1-2.

Rathbun, M.J., 1901. The Brachyura and Macrura of Porto Rico. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission, 20(2): 1-127, figs 1-24, pls 1-2.

Rathbun, M.J., 1902b. Crabs from the Maldive Islands. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 39(5): 123-138, 1 pl.

Rathbun, M.J., 1906. The Brachyura and Macrura of the Hawaiian Islands. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission, 23(3): i-viii, 827-930, figs 1-79, pls 1-24.

Rathbun, M.J., 1911. Marine Brachyura. In: The Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905, under the Leadership of Mr J. Stanley Gardiner. Vol. III, part II, No. XI. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, (Zool.), (2) 14(2): 191-261, figs 1-2, pls 15-20.

Rathbun, M.J., 1920. Stalk-eyed Crustaceans of Dutch West Indies. In: J. Boeke, Rapport betreffende een voorloopig onderzoek naar den toestand van de visscherij en de industrie van zeeproducten in de kolonie Curaçao, ingevolge het ministerieel besluit van 22 november 1904 uitgebracht door Prof. D. J. Boeke Hoogleeraar aan de Rijks-Universiteit te Utrecht, 2: 317-349, figs 1-5.

Rathbun, M.J., 1921a. Report on the Brachyura collected by the Barbados-Antigua Expedition from the University of Iowa in 1918. Studies in Natural History, Iowa University, 9(5): 65-90, pls 1-3.

Rathbun, M.J., 1936. Brachyuran Crustacea from Bonaire, Curaçao and Aruba. Zoologische Ergebnisse einer Reise nach Bonaire, Curaçao und Aruba im Jahre 1930. No. 17. Zoologischer Jahresbericht (Syst.), 67(5/6): 379-388.

Rathbun, M.J., 1937. The Oxystomatous and allied crabs of America. United States national Museum Bulletin, 166: 1-278, 47 figs, pls 1-86.

Ribeiro, A., 1964. Crustáceos Decápodos Braquiuros do Arquipélago de Cabo Verde (Colecção do Centro de Biologia Piscatória). Notas Mimeografadas do Centro de Biologia Piscatória, Lisboa, 38: 1-27.

Ribeiro, A., 1973. Crustáceos Decápodos capturados em Águas do Arquipélago de Cabo Verde Pelo Navio de Pesquisas Walther Herwig em 1970. Notas do Centro de Biologia Aquática Tropical, Lisboa, 36: 1-21, figs 1-7. (English and French summaries.)

Richters, F., 1880. Decapoda. In: K. Möbius, Beiträge zur Meeresfauna der Insel Mauritius und der Seychellen, bearbeitet von K. Möbius, F. Richters und E. von Martens nach sammlungen, angelegt auf einer Reise nach Mauritius von K. Möbius, Berlin: 139-178, pls 15-18.

Rossignol, M., 1957. Crustacés Décapodes marins de la région de Pointe-Noire. In: J. Collignon, M. Rossignol & Ch. Roux, Mollusques, Crustacés, Poissons Marins des côte d'A.E.F. en collection au Centre d'Océanographie de l'Institut d'Études Centrafricaines de Pointe-Noire: 71-136, figs 1-20, pls 1-3. Paris.

Rossignol, M., 1962. Catalogue de Crustacés Décapodes Brachyoures, Anomoures et Macroures littoraux en collection au centre d'océanographie de Pointe-Noire. Travaux du Centre de Recherches Océanographique de Pointe-Noire, 2: 111-138, pls 1-4.

Sakai, K., 1999. J.F.W. Herbst - collection of Decapod Crustacea of the Berlin Zoologica Museum, with remarks on certain species. Naturalists, Publications of Tokushima Biological Laboratory, Shikoku University, 6: 1-45, pls 1-21.

Sakai, T., 1936b. Crabs of Japan: 66 plates in life colours with descriptions. Sanseido, Tokyo (1935): 1-239, figs 1-122, 27 pages of bibliography & index, frontispiece (in colour), pls 1-66 (colour). (In Japanese)

Sakai, T., 1937a. Studies on the Crabs of Japan. II. Oxystomata. Science Reports of the Tokyo Bunrika Daigaku, (B) 3 (Suppl. no. 2): 67-192, 45 figs, pls 10-19.

Sakai, T., 1965b. The Crabs of Sagami Bay, collected by His Majesty the Emperor of Japan, i-xvi, 1-206 (English text), figs 1-27, pls 1-100: 1-92 (Japanese text): 1-26 (references and index in English): 27-32 (index in Japanese), 1 map. Maruzen Co., Tokyo.

Sakai, T., 1976a. Crabs of Japan and the Adjacent Seas. (In 3 volumes: (1) English text: i-xxix, 1-773, figs 1-379, (2) Plates volume: 1-16, pls 1-251, (3) Japanese text: 1-461, figs 1-2, 3 maps.) Kodansha Ltd, Tokyo.

Serène, R., 1968. The Brachyura of the Indo-West Pacific region. In: Prodromus for a check list of the non-planctonic marine fauna of South East Asia. UNESCO Singapore National Academy of Sciences, Special publication No. 1, Fauna IIIC3: 33-112.

Shen, C.J. & A.Y. Dai, 1964. Illustrations of Animals in China (Crustacea part II), Peking: 1-172, 277 figs.

Sokolowsky, P.A., 1945. Biologisch-morphologische Betrachtung einiger Calappinae, Ortmann. Nebst Beschreibung einer anscheinend neuen Art aus dem Oestlichen Sued-Amerika. Annali del Museo civico di Storia naturale di Genova, 62: 62-75, pls 1-2.

Stephensen, K., 1945. The Brachyura of the Iranian Gulf with an Appendix: The male pleopod of the Brachyura. In: Danish Scientific Investigations in Iran, Part 4. Copenhagen, E. Munksgaard: 57-237, figs 1-60.

Takeda, M. & N. Shikatani, 1990. Crabs of the genus Calappa from the Ryukyu Islands, with description of a new species. Zoological Science, Tokyo, 7(3): 477-484, figs 1-4.

Takeda, M., 1977b. Crabs from the shallow waters off Mage-jima Island, southwest Japan. Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Tokyo, Series A(Zoology), 3(2): 73-89, figs 1-15.

Takeda, M., 1982c. Studies on the Crustacea Brachyura of the Palau Islands. 1. Dromiidae, Dynomenidae, Calappidae, Leucosiidae, Hymenosomatidae, Majidae and Parthenopidae. Bulletin of the Liberal Arts & Science Course, Nihon University School of Medicine, 1: 75-122, illustr.

Thurston, E., 1890. Notes on the Pearl and Chank Fisheries and Marine Fauna of the Gulf of Manaar, 124 pp. Govt. Press, Madras.

Tirmizi, N.M. & Q.B. Kazmi, 1991. Marine fauna of Pakistan: 4. Crustacea: Brachyura (Dromiacea, Archaeobrachyura, Oxystomata, Oxyrhyncha). Univ Karachi BCCI (Bank Credit Commer Int) Foundation Chair, Publication No. 1 (1988): 1-244, figs 1-65, pls 1-4.

Utinomi, H., 1956. Coloured Illustrations of Seashore Animals of Japan, edition 1: i-xvii, 1-168, pls 1-64, I-XII. Tokyo. (2 ed., 1969, 1974; 3 ed., 1976.) (In Japanese)

White, A., 1847f. List of the specimens of Decapoda Crustacea in the collection of the British Museum. London. Trustees of British Museum, i-viii, 1-143.

Zarenkov, N.A., 1971. On the species composition and ecology of Decapoda in the Red Sea. In: V.A. Vodyanitzkii (ed.). Benthos of the Red Sea's shelf. Naukova Dumka, Kiev: 155-203, 26 figs, 3 tabs. (In Russian.)

Calappa gallus