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(H. Milne Edwards, 1834)

Regions of carapace well defined, separated by deep grooves, 2M divided into two longitudinally, 3M tripartite, anterior lobe not reaching anterior margin of 2M, densely covered with minute setae, leaving free only pearliform granules. Submedian frontal lobes arched, minutely denticulate, separated by "U"-shaped indentation, lateral lobes triangular, granulate. Antero-lateral margin quadrilobate, lobes rounded, granulate. Anterior margin of cheliped merus granulate. External surface of cheliped carpus with clusters of pearliform granules, one furrow parallel with palmar joint. External surface of chela minutely setose, proximally set with large rounded granules, lower margin smooth. Pereiopods thickly fringed with plumose setae; merus, carpus with conical tubercles on superior margin; carpus, propodus with pearliform granules externally. (Clark & Galil, 1993)

Type locality: Nouvelle-Hollande (Australia).
Range: Red Sea (Nobili, 1906); Kenya (Clark & Galil, 1993); Zanzibar (Lenz, 1905); Mozambique - Delagoa Bay (Stebbing, 1920b); South Africa - Durban and Port St. Johns (Barnard, 1950); Seychelles - Aldabra Islands (Lenz, 1905, Guinot, 1964b), Coëtivy Islands (Rathbun, 1911, Clark & Galil, 1993), Ile Remise and Aldabra Island (Serène, 1984); Mayotte Islands (Guinot, 1958, Serène, 1984); Madagascar - Fort-Dauphin (Serène, 1984); Iles Glorieuses (Serène, 1984); Réunion (Serène, 1984, Clark & Galil, 1993); Mauritius (Bouvier, 1915b, Michel, 1964); Sri Lanka (Alcock, 1898, Clark & Galil, 1993); Maldives (Clark & Galil, 1993); Chagos Archipelago (Rathbun, 1911, Clark & Galil, 1993); Andaman Islands (Alcock, 1898); Nicobar Islands (Alcock, 1898); Cocos Islands (Clark & Galil, 1993); Christmas Islands (Clark & Galil, 1993); Japan - Amami-Oshima (Ortmann, 1893, Stimpson, 1907), Tanabe (Yokoya, 1933), Okinawa (Sakai, 1939), Hachijo-jima (Sakai, 1954), Amami-shoto, Ishigaki-jima and Taketomi-jima (Sakai, 1976a), Ishigaki-jima (Miyake, 1983), Kakeroma-jima near Amami-Oshima (Takeda, 1989), Okinawa (Clark & Galil, 1993), Kii Nagashima and Yoron-jima (Muraoka, 1998); Taiwan; China - Paracel Island (Chen & Lan, 1978), Hainan Island and Paracel Islands (Dai & Yang, 1991); Vietnam (Serène & Luom, 1959); Philippines (Clark & Galil, 1993); Palau (Sendler, 1923, Clark & Galil, 1993); Wake Island (Dana, 1852); Marshall Islands; Kiribati; Tuvalu; Australia - Queensland and Middleton Reef (Clark & Galil, 1993); New Caledonia (Takeda & Nunomura, 1976, Clark & Galil, 1993); Fiji (Clark & Galil, 1993); Samoa; Hawaiian Islands - Oahu, Hawaii and Laysan (Rathbun, 1906), Oahu (Clark & Galil, 1993); Line Islands - Palmyra and Tabuaeran (Edmondson, 1923); Society Islands (Clark & Galil, 1993); Tuamotu or Society Islands (Dana, 1852); Gambier Islands - Mangaréva.

Pilodius areolatus