Home|Search|Identify|Taxonomic tree|Quiz|About this site|Feedback
Developed by ETI BioInformatics
Characteristics, distribution and ecology
Taxonomische classification
Synonyms and common names
Literature references
Images, audio and video
Links to other Web sites

Alcock, A.W., 1899a. Materials for a carcinological fauna of India. No. 4. The Brachyura Cyclometopa. Part 2. A revision of the Cyclometopa with an account of the families Portunidae, Cancridae and Corystidae. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, Calcutta, 68, part 2(1): 1-104, pls 1-2.

Apel, M. & V.A. Spiridonov, 1998. Taxonomy and Zoogeography of the portunid crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Portunidae) of the Arabian Gulf and adjacent waters. Fauna of Arabia, 17: 159-331, figs 1-117, tables 1-7.

Barnard, K.H., 1950. Descriptive catalogue of South African Decapod Crustacea (Crabs and Shrimps). Annals of the South African Museum, 38: 1-837, figs 1-154.

Chandy, M., 1970. New records of Brachyuran decapods from the Gulf of Kutch. Journal of the Bombay natural History Society, 70(2): 401-402, 1 map.

Chhapgar, B.F., 1957a. On the marine crabs (Decapoda, Brachyura) of Bombay State. Part I. Journal of the Bombay natural History Society, 54(2): 399-439, figs, 1-2, pls A, 1-11.

Chhapgar, B.F., 1957b. Marine Crabs of Bombay State. Taraporevala Marine Biological Station, Contribution number 1: v + 89 pp., pls A, B, 1-16.

Crosnier, A., 1962. Crustacés Décapodes Portunidae. Faune de Madagascar, 16: 1-154, figs 1-256, pls 1-13.

Dai, A. & S. Yang, 1991. Crabs of the China Seas, i-iv, 1-608, figs 1-295, pls 1-74. China Ocean Press, Beijing and Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, English edition. (Translation from Chinese original 1986.)

Dana, J.D., 1852b. Conspectus Crustaceorum, etc., Conspectus of the Crustacea of the Exploring Expedition under Capt. C. Wilkes, U.S.N., including the Paguridea, continued, the Megalopidea, and the Macroura. Paguridea, continued, and subtribe Megalopidea. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences Philadelphia, 6: 73-86 (or 6-28).

Dana, J.D., 1852c. Crustacea. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842, under the command of Charles Wilkes, U.S.N., 13(pt. 1): i-viii, 1-685, pl. 8.

Dana, J.D., 1855. Crustacea. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842 under the command of Charles Wilkes, U.S.N., 14(Atlas): 1-27, pls 1-96.

de Man, J.G., 1879. On some new or imperfectly known Podophthalmous Crustacea of the Leyden Museum. Notes from the Leyden Museum, 1(19): 53-73. [1879/IV]

de Man, J.G., 1883. Carcinological Studies in the Leyden Museum. No. 3. Notes from the Leyden Museum, 5: 150-169.

de Man, J.G., 1893. Report on the podophthalmous Crustacea, collected in the year 1891 by Dr. H. ten Kate in some islands of the Malay Archipelago. Notes from the Leyden Museum, 15: 284-311, pls 7-8.

Edmondson, C.H., 1946. Reef and shore fauna of Hawaii. Special Publications of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, 22: i-iii, 1-381, figs 1-223. (Revised edition of 1933.)

Fransen, C.H.J.M., L.B. Holthuis & J.P.H.M. Adema, 1997. Type-catalogue of the Decapod Crustacea in the collections of the Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum, with appendices of pre-1900 collectors and material. Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden, 311: 1-344.

Guinot, D., 1962c. Sur une collection de Crustacés Décapodes Brachyoures de Mer Rouge et de Somalie. Remarques sur les genres Calappa Weber, Menaethiops Alcock, Tyche Bell, Ophthalmias Rathbun et Stilbognathus von Martens. Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Venezia, 15 (1964): 7-63, figs 1-39, pls 1-4.

Hashmi, S.S., 1963a. Carcinological Fauna of Karachi. Agriculture Pakistan, 14(2): 237-243.

Heller, C., 1865. Die Crustaceen. 1. In: Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857-1859 under den Befehlen des Commodors B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair, Zoologischer Theil, 2(pt. 3): 1-280, pls 1-25. Wien.

Henderson, J.R., 1893. A contribution to Indian Carcinology. The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, (series 2, Zoology) 5(1): 325-458, pls 36-40.

Ho, P.-H., 1996. Crabs. pp. 71-90. In: K.C. Shao (ed.), Common Seafood of Taiwan. Part 1. Taiwan Fisheries Department, Taipei. (in Chinese)

Hoffmann, C.K., 1874. Crustacés et Echinodermes de Madagascar et de l'île de la Réunion. In: Pollen, F.P.L. et D.C. van Dam, Recherches sur la faune de Madagascar et de ses dépendances d'après les découvertes de François, 5(2): 1-58, pls 1-10.

Huang, J.-F. & H.-P. Yu, 1997. Illustrations of swimming crabs from Taiwan. National Museum of Marine Biology & Aquarium, pp. 1-181, figs (In Chinese)

Jeng, M.-S., R.-G. Chan, H.-R. Fung, & Q.-S. Chen, 1997. Northeast Coast Scenic Area. Investigations into ecological resources and monitering. 194 pp. Ministry of Transport and Tourism. Taipei. (in Chinese)

Kazmi, Q.B. & M.A. Kazmi, 1987. Crustacean fauna (Stomatopoda and Decapoda) of the Manora Island, Karachi coast. Zoologica Pakistan, 1(1): 45-63.

Kensley, B., 1981b. On the zoogeography of southern African decapod Crustacea, with a distributional checklist of the species. Smithsonian Contribution to Zoology, 338: 1-64, figs 1-4, tabls 1-2.

Khan, M.A. & M.F. Ahmad, 1975. A checklist of Brachyura of Karachi coasts, Pakistan. Records of the Zoological Survey of Pakistan, 7(1-2): 71-85, illustr.

Khan, M.A., 1975. Portunidae of Pakistan. Agriculture Pakistan, 26(3): 377-392.

Klunzinger, C.B., 1913. Die Rundkrabben (Cyclometopa) des Roten Meeres. Abhandlungen der kaiserlich Leop.-Carol. Deutschen Akademie der Naturforscher Halle, 99(2): 97-402, figs 1-4, pls 5-11.

Lai, S.-H., J.-F. Huang & L.-S. Fang, 1997. Crab fauna of Kaohsiung Harbor, southwestern Taiwan. Annual of Taiwan Museum, 40: 225-240. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Laurie, R.D., 1906. Report on the Brachyura collected by Professor Herdman, at Ceylon, in 1902. In: W.A. Herdman, Report to the Government of Ceylon on the Pearl Oyster Fisheries of the Gulf of Manaar with supplementary reports upon the Marine Biology of Ceylon by other Naturalists, part 5, suppl. Rep. 40: 349-432, figs 1-12, pls 1-2.

Leene, J.E., 1938. The Decapoda Brachyura of the Siboga-Expedition. VII. Brachygnatha: Portunidae. Siboga Expeditie Monografie, 39C3(livr. 131): i-iv, 1-156, 87 figs.

Leene, J.E., 1940. Biological Results of the Snellius Expedition. VI. The Portunidae of the Snellius Expedition (Part I). Temminckia 5: 163-188, 7 figs, 5 pls.

Lenz, H. & F. Richters, 1881. Beitrag zur Crustaceenfauna von Madagascar. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 12: 421-428, figs 20-27.

Michel, C., 1964. Checklist of the Crustacea Brachyura (Crabs) recorded from Mauritius. Mauritius Institute Bulletin, 6(1): 1-48.

Milne Edwards, A., 1861. Études zoologiques sur les Crustacés récents de la famille des Portuniens. Archives du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, 10: 309-421, 2 unnumbered pages, pls 28-38 (11 pls).

Miyake, S., 1983. Japanese Crustacean Decapods and Stomatopods in color. Vol. II. Brachyura (Crabs), i-viii, 1-277, pls 1-64. Hoikusha, Osaka. (In Japanese; second edition in 1992)

Muraoka, K., 1998. Catalogue of the Brachyuran and Anomuran Crabs donated by Prof. Dr. Tune Sakai to the Kanagawa Prefectural Museum. Catalogue of the Collection in the Kanagawa Prefectural Museum of Natural History, 11: 5-67, pls 1-16.

Mustaquim, J. & M.M. Rabbani, 1976. Species of Portunid crabs (Decapoda, Brachyura) from Karachi. Pakistan Journal of scientific and industrial Research, 19(3-4): 161-164.

Nobili, M.G., 1906b. Faune carcinologique de la Mer Rouge. Décapodes et Stomatopodes. Annales des Sciences naturelles, Zoologie, (9) 4(1-3): 1-347, figs 1-12, pls 1-11.

Poupin, J., 1996b. Crustacea Decapoda of French Polynesia (Astacidea, Palinuridea, Anomura, Brachyura). Atoll Research Bulletin, 442: i-iv, 1-114, 1 map.

Rathbun, M.J., 1906. The Brachyura and Macrura of the Hawaiian Islands. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission, 23(3): i-viii, 827-930, figs 1-79, pls 1-24.

Rüppell, E.S., 1830. Beschreibungen und Abbildungen von 24 Arten kurzschwänzigen krabben, als Beiträge zur Naturgeschichte des Rothen Meeres. H.L. Brönner, Frankfurt a. M.: 1-28, pls 1-6.

Sakai, T., 1935b. New or rare species of Brachyura, collected by the Misago during the zoological survey around the Izu-Peninsula. Science Reports of the Tokyo Bunrika Daigaku, (B) 2(32): 63-88, figs 1-17, pls 6-8.

Sakai, T., 1939. Studies on the crabs of Japan. IV. Brachygnatha, Brachyrhyncha, pp. 365-741, figs 1-129, pls 42-111, table 1. Yokendo Co., Tokyo.

Sakai, T., 1976a. Crabs of Japan and the Adjacent Seas. (In 3 volumes: (1) English text: i-xxix, 1-773, figs 1-379, (2) Plates volume: 1-16, pls 1-251, (3) Japanese text: 1-461, figs 1-2, 3 maps.) Kodansha Ltd, Tokyo.

Stebbing, T.R.R., 1918. Some Crustacea of Natal. IV. Annals of Durban Museum, 2(2): 47-75, pls 8-12.

Stephenson, W. & M. Rees, 1967a. Some portunid crabs from the Pacific and Indian Oceans in the collections of the Smithsonian Institution. Proceedings of the United States national Museum, 120(3556): 1-114, 38 figs, pls 1-9.

Stephenson, W. & M. Rees, 1967b. Portunid crabs (Crustacea: Portunidae) from the International Indian Ocean Expedition in the collections of the Smithsonian Institution. Proceedings of the United States national Museum, 122(3599): 1-34.

Stephenson, W., J.J. Hudson & B. Campbell, 1957. The Australian portunids (Crustacea: Portunidae). II. The genus Charybdis. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 8(4): 491-507, figs 1-3, pls 1-5.

Stephenson, W., 1972a. Portunid crabs from the Indo-West-Pacific and Western America in the Zoological Museum, Copenhagen (Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae). Steenstrupia, 2(9): 127-156, figs 1-7.

Stephenson, W., 1972b. An annotated check list and key to the Indo-West-Pacific swimming crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Portunidae). Bulletin of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 10: 1-64.

Stephenson, W., 1976. Note on Indo-West-Pacific Portunids (Decapoda, Portunidae) in the Smithsonian Institution. Crustaceana, 31(1): 11-26, fig. 1. (French summary.)

Tirmizi, N.M. & Q.B. Kazmi, 1983. Carcinological Studies in Pakistan, with Remarks on Species to the Red Sea and the Mediterranean. Bulletin of the Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Arab Republic of Egypt, 9: 347-380, illustr.

Tirmizi, N.M. & Q.B. Kazmi, 1996. Marine Fauna of Pakistan, 6: Crustacea: Brachyura, Brachyrhyncha, Part 2: Portunidae. 72 pp, 2 pls. Marine Reference Collection Center, University of Karachi.

Tirmizi, N.M., 1980. Marine Crustacea (Decapoda and Stomatopoda) of Pakistan. Proceedings of the First Pakistan Congress of Zoology, 1(A): 97-114.

Türkay, M., 1971. Die Portunidae des naturhistorischen Museums Genf, mit einem Anhang über die Typen von Ovalipes ocellatus floridanus Hay & Shore 1918 (Crustacea, Decapoda). Archives des Sciences, Genève, 24(1): 111-143, figs 1-3, pls 1-6.

Urita, T., 1926a. A check-list of Brachyura found in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. Tshingtao Times: i-iii, 1-41, 1 map.

Vannini, M., 1976a. Researches on the coast of Somalia. The shore and the dune of Sar Uanle. 8. Notes on Atelecyclidae and Portunidae (Decapoda Brachyura). Monitore zoologico italiano (N.S.) suppl., 8(2): 119-127, 2 figs. (Italian summary.)

Wee, D.P.C. & P.K.L. Ng, 1995. Swimming crabs of the genera Charybdis de Haan, 1833, and Thalamita Latreille, 1829 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Portunidae) from Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement 1: 1-128.

Charybdis orientalis