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Alcock, A.W., 1899a. Materials for a carcinological fauna of India. No. 4. The Brachyura Cyclometopa. Part 2. A revision of the Cyclometopa with an account of the families Portunidae, Cancridae and Corystidae. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, Calcutta, 68, part 2(1): 1-104, pls 1-2.

Apel, M. & V.A. Spiridonov, 1998. Taxonomy and Zoogeography of the portunid crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Portunidae) of the Arabian Gulf and adjacent waters. Fauna of Arabia, 17: 159-331, figs 1-117, tables 1-7.

Balss, H., 1922c. Östasiatische Decapoden. IV. Die Brachyrhynchen (Cancridea). Archiv für Naturgeschichte, 88A(11): 94-166, figs 1-2, pls 1-2.

Barnard, K.H., 1947. Descriptions of new species of South African Decapod Crustacea, with notes on synonymy and new records. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, London, (11) 13(102): 361-392.

Barnard, K.H., 1950. Descriptive catalogue of South African Decapod Crustacea (Crabs and Shrimps). Annals of the South African Museum, 38: 1-837, figs 1-154.

Basson, P.W., J.E. Burchard, J.H. Hardy, & A.R.G. Price, 1977. Biotopes of the Western Arabian Gulf. Marine Life and Environments of Saudi Arabia: 1-284. ARAMCO, Dharhan.

Borradaile, L.A., 1902a. Marine Crustaceans. I. On varieties. II. Portunidae. In: J.S. Gardiner (ed.), The Fauna and Geography of the Maldive and Laccadive Archipelagoes, 1(2): 191-208, figs 35-38.

Campbell, B.M. & W. Stephenson, 1970. The sublittoral Brachyura (Crustacea: Decapoda) of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 15(4): 235-302, figs 1-49, pl. 22.

Chhapgar, B.F., 1968. More additions to the crab fauna of Bombay State. Journal of the Bombay natural History Society, 65(3): 608-617, 2 pls.

Chopra, B.N., 1935. Further notes on Crustacea Decapoda in the Indian Museum. VIII. On the Decapod Crustacea collected by the Bengal Pilot Service off the mouth of the river Hooghly. Brachygnatha (Oxyrhyncha and Brachyrhyncha). Record of the Indian Museum, 37(4): 463-514, 18 figs, pl. 9. [1935/XII]

Crosnier, A., 1962. Crustacés Décapodes Portunidae. Faune de Madagascar, 16: 1-154, figs 1-256, pls 1-13.

Dai, A. & S. Yang, 1991. Crabs of the China Seas, i-iv, 1-608, figs 1-295, pls 1-74. China Ocean Press, Beijing and Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, English edition. (Translation from Chinese original 1986.)

de Haan, W., 1833-1849. Crustacea. In: Ph.F. von Siebold, Fauna Japonica sive Descriptio Animalium, quae in Itinere per Japoniam, Jussu et Auspiciis Superiorum, qui Summum in India Batava Imperium Tenent, Suscepto, Annis 1823-1830 Collegit, Notis, Observationibus et Adumbrationibus Illustravit: ix-xvi, i-xxi, vii-xvii, 1-243, pls A-J, L-Q, 1-55, circ. tab. 2. (For dates see Sherborn & Jentink, 1895 and Holthuis, 1953.)

de Man, J.G., 1895a. Bericht über die von Herrn Schiffscapitän Storm zu Atjeh, an den westlichen Küsten von Malakka, Borneo und Celebes sowie in der Java-See gesammelten Decapoden und Stomatopoden. (In 6 parts). Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Thiere. Vol. 8(Teil 1): 485-609, figs 1-15, pls 12-14. [1895/VII]

de Man, J.G., 1907. On a collection of Crustacea, Decapoda and Stomatopoda, Chiefly from the Inland Sea of Japan, with descriptions of new species. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology, (2) 9(11): 387-454, pls 31-34.

Devi, K.N., 1993. Portunid crabs of Visakhapatnam coast. Journal of the Bombay natural History Society, 90(3): 535-537.

Fabricius, J.C., 1798. Supplementatum Entomologiae systematicae, pp. 1-572. Hafniae, Proft & Storch.

Hashmi, S.S., 1964. Some additions to the check list of crabs of Karachi and notes on habit and habitat of Podophthalmus vigil (Fabricius) and Macrophthalmus sp. Agriculture Pakistan, 15(4): 451-454.

Henderson, J.R., 1893. A contribution to Indian Carcinology. The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, (series 2, Zoology) 5(1): 325-458, pls 36-40.

Huang, J.-F. & H.-P. Yu, 1997. Illustrations of swimming crabs from Taiwan. National Museum of Marine Biology & Aquarium, pp. 1-181, figs (In Chinese)

Jeng, M.-S., R.-G. Chan, H.-R. Fung, & Q.-S. Chen, 1997. Northeast Coast Scenic Area. Investigations into ecological resources and monitering. 194 pp. Ministry of Transport and Tourism. Taipei. (in Chinese)

Kensley, B., 1981b. On the zoogeography of southern African decapod Crustacea, with a distributional checklist of the species. Smithsonian Contribution to Zoology, 338: 1-64, figs 1-4, tabls 1-2.

Lai, S.-H., J.-F. Huang & L.-S. Fang, 1997. Crab fauna of Kaohsiung Harbor, southwestern Taiwan. Annual of Taiwan Museum, 40: 225-240. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Lanchester, W.F., 1900b. On a collection of Crustaceans made at Singapore and Malacca. Part I. Crustacea Brachyura. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 48(1): 719-770, pls 44-47.

Laurie, R.D., 1906. Report on the Brachyura collected by Professor Herdman, at Ceylon, in 1902. In: W.A. Herdman, Report to the Government of Ceylon on the Pearl Oyster Fisheries of the Gulf of Manaar with supplementary reports upon the Marine Biology of Ceylon by other Naturalists, part 5, suppl. Rep. 40: 349-432, figs 1-12, pls 1-2.

Lin, C.C., 1949. A catalogue of Brachyurous Crustacea of Taiwan. Quarterly Journal of the Taiwan Museum, 2(1): 10-33.

Miers, E.J., 1884a. Crustacea (Brachyura). In: Report on the Zoological Collections made in the Indo-Pacific Ocean during the Voyage of H.M.S. Alert 1881-1882. Part I. The collections from Melanesia. Part II. The collections from the Western Indian Ocean. British Museum (Natural History), London, 8(1): 178-322, pls 18-32.

Miers, E.J., 1886. Report on the Brachyura collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876. In: C.W. Thompson & J. Murray, Report on the Scientific Results of the exploring Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876, under the command of Captain George S. Nares, R.N., F.R.S. and the Late Captain Frank Tourle Thomson, R.N., Zoology, 17(2): i-xli, 1-362, pls 1-29.

Milne Edwards, A., 1861. Études zoologiques sur les Crustacés récents de la famille des Portuniens. Archives du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, 10: 309-421, 2 unnumbered pages, pls 28-38 (11 pls).

Miyake, S., 1961a. Fauna and Flora of the Sea around the Amakusa Marine Biological Laboratory. Part II. Decapod Crustacea, pp. i-iv, 1-30. Amakusa Mar. Biol. Lab., Kyushu Univ. Publ. (In Japanese)

Miyake, S., 1961b. A list of the decapod Crustacea of the Sea of Ariake, Kyushu. Records of Oceanographic Works in Japan, Spec. No. 5: 165-178.

Moosa, M.K., 1981. Crustacés Décapodes: Portunidae. In: Résultats des campagnes MUSORSTOM. I. Philippines (18-28 Mars 1976). Mémoires ORSTOM, 91: 141-150, figs 1-3.

Moosa, M.K., 1996. Crustacea Decapoda: Deep-water swimming crabs from the South-West Pacific, particularly New Caledonia (Brachyura, Portunidae). In: A. Crosnier (ed.), Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM, Volume 15. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 168: 503-530, figs 1-10.

Muraoka, K., 1998. Catalogue of the Brachyuran and Anomuran Crabs donated by Prof. Dr. Tune Sakai to the Kanagawa Prefectural Museum. Catalogue of the Collection in the Kanagawa Prefectural Museum of Natural History, 11: 5-67, pls 1-16.

Nobili, M.G., 1903c. Crostacei di Singapore. Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia e di Anatomia comparata della R. Università di Torino, 18(455): 1-39, 1 fig., pl. 1.

Nobili, M.G., 1905a. Crostacei di Zanzibar. Bolletino dei Musei di Zoologia e di Anatomia comparata della R. Università di Torino, 20(506): 1-12, fig. 1.

Ortmann, A.E., 1893a. Die Decapoden-Krebse des Strassburger Museums, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der von Herrn Dr. Döderlein bei Japan und bei den Liu-Kiu-Inseln gesammelten und z.Z. im Strassburger Museum aufbewahrten Formen. Theil VI. Abtheilung: Brachyura (Brachyura genuina Boas), 1. Unterabtheilung: Majoidea und Cancroidea, 1. Section Portuninea. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abtheilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Thiere, 7(1): 23-88, pl. 3.

Rathbun, M.J., 1902a. Japanese stalk-eyed Crustaceans. Proceedings of the United States national Museum, 26(1307): 23-55, figs 1-24.

Rathbun, M.J., 1910a. The Brachyura. In: The Danish Expedition to Siam, 1899-1900. V. Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Skrifter, Kjøbenhavn, (7) 5(4): 301-367, figs 1-44, pls 1-2, 1 map.

Sakai, T., 1934a. Brachyura from the coast of Kyushu, Japan. Science Reports of the Tokyo Bunrika Daigaku, (B) 1(25): 281-330, figs 1-26, pls 17-18 (in colour).

Sakai, T., 1935a. List of marine animals around Shimoda area. Biological report of Shimoda Marine Biological Station, Tokyo University of Literature and Science, 1: 23-85, 3 pls, 2 maps (In Japanese)

Sakai, T., 1936b. Crabs of Japan: 66 plates in life colours with descriptions. Sanseido, Tokyo (1935): 1-239, figs 1-122, 27 pages of bibliography & index, frontispiece (in colour), pls 1-66 (colour). (In Japanese)

Sakai, T., 1939. Studies on the crabs of Japan. IV. Brachygnatha, Brachyrhyncha, pp. 365-741, figs 1-129, pls 42-111, table 1. Yokendo Co., Tokyo.

Sakai, T., 1965b. The Crabs of Sagami Bay, collected by His Majesty the Emperor of Japan, i-xvi, 1-206 (English text), figs 1-27, pls 1-100: 1-92 (Japanese text): 1-26 (references and index in English): 27-32 (index in Japanese), 1 map. Maruzen Co., Tokyo.

Sakai, T., 1976a. Crabs of Japan and the Adjacent Seas. (In 3 volumes: (1) English text: i-xxix, 1-773, figs 1-379, (2) Plates volume: 1-16, pls 1-251, (3) Japanese text: 1-461, figs 1-2, 3 maps.) Kodansha Ltd, Tokyo.

Shen, C.J., 1937a. Notes on a collection of swimming crabs (Portunidae) from Singapore. Bulletin of the Raffles Museum, 13: 96-139, figs 1-20.

Shen, C.J., 1940b. On the collection of Crabs of South China. Bulletin of the Fan Memorial Institute of Biology (Zool.), Peiping, 10(2): 69-104.

Spiridonov, V.A., 1994. The swimming crabs (Crustacea, Brachyura, Portunidae) of submerged rises and insular shelves of the Atlantic and the Indian Ocean. In: A.P. Kuznetsov & A.N. Mironov (eds), Bottom fauna of seamounts. Transactions of the P. P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, 129: 126-152, pls 1-7. (In Russian with English summary)

Stephensen, K., 1945. The Brachyura of the Iranian Gulf with an Appendix: The male pleopod of the Brachyura. In: Danish Scientific Investigations in Iran, Part 4. Copenhagen, E. Munksgaard: 57-237, figs 1-60.

Stephenson, W. & B. Campbell, 1959. The Australian Portunids (Crustacea: Portunidae). III. The Genus Portunus. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 10(1): 84-124, figs 1-3, pls 1-5.

Stephenson, W. & M. Rees, 1967a. Some portunid crabs from the Pacific and Indian Oceans in the collections of the Smithsonian Institution. Proceedings of the United States national Museum, 120(3556): 1-114, 38 figs, pls 1-9.

Stephenson, W. & M. Rees, 1967b. Portunid crabs (Crustacea: Portunidae) from the International Indian Ocean Expedition in the collections of the Smithsonian Institution. Proceedings of the United States national Museum, 122(3599): 1-34.

Stephenson, W., 1967. The Portunid crabs (Crustacea: Portunidae) collected by the NAGA expeditions. NAGA Report, 4(1): 1-26, 4 pls.

Stephenson, W., 1972a. Portunid crabs from the Indo-West-Pacific and Western America in the Zoological Museum, Copenhagen (Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae). Steenstrupia, 2(9): 127-156, figs 1-7.

Stephenson, W., 1972b. An annotated check list and key to the Indo-West-Pacific swimming crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Portunidae). Bulletin of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 10: 1-64.

Stephenson, W., 1975. Biological results of the Snellius Expedition. XXVI. The Portunidae (Decapoda-Brachyura) of the Snellius Expedition (Part 2). Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden, 49(14): 173-206, 7 figs, pls 1-3.

Stephenson, W., 1976. Note on Indo-West-Pacific Portunids (Decapoda, Portunidae) in the Smithsonian Institution. Crustaceana, 31(1): 11-26, fig. 1. (French summary.)

Stimpson, W., 1858a. Prodromus descriptionis animalium evertebratorum, quae in Expeditione ad Oceanum Pacificum Septentrionalem, a Republica Federata missa, Cadwaladaro Ringgold et Johanne Rodgers ducibus, observavit et descripsit. Pars IV. Crustacea Cancroidea et Corystoidea. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 1858 (March), 10: 31-40.

Stimpson, W., 1907. Report on the Crustacea (Brachyura and Anomura) collected by the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, 1853-1856. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, Washington, 49(1717): 1-240, pls 1-26.

Suzuki, S., 1979. Marine invertebrates in Yamagata Prefecture: 1-370, 7 coloured plates (figs 1-46), 22 black and white plates (figs 47-268). (In Japanese.)

Takeda, M. & S. Miyake, 1969d. Crabs from the East China Sea. II. Addition to Brachygnatha Brachyrhyncha. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, 15(4): 449-468, figs 1-4.

Takeda, M., 1979a. Systematic and biogeographic notes on the crabs obtained by dredging at the sea around Cape Shiono-misaki, Kii Peninsula. Memoirs of the National Science Museum, Tokyo, 12: 151-157, figs 1-3. (In Japanese with English summary.)

Tirmizi, N.M. & Q.B. Kazmi, 1983. Carcinological Studies in Pakistan, with Remarks on Species to the Red Sea and the Mediterranean. Bulletin of the Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Arab Republic of Egypt, 9: 347-380, illustr.

Tirmizi, N.M. & Q.B. Kazmi, 1996. Marine Fauna of Pakistan, 6: Crustacea: Brachyura, Brachyrhyncha, Part 2: Portunidae. 72 pp, 2 pls. Marine Reference Collection Center, University of Karachi.

Tzeng, C.-S. & Y.-S. Chen, 1992. Guide to the seashore life in the East Coast, National Scenic Area of Taiwan. 221 pp. East Coast National Scenic Area Administration.

Yamaguchi, T. & K. Baba, 1993. Crustacean specimens collected in Japan by Ph. F. Von Siebold and H. Bürger and Held by the Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum in Leiden and Other Museums. In: T. Yamaguchi (ed.), Ph. von Siebold and Natural History of Japan. Crustacea. Carcinological Society of Japan: 145-570, figs 1-200 D + II A-F + 3 fig. n.n. + III A-D.

Yamaguchi, T., M. Takeda & K. Tokudome, 1976. A list of crabs collected in the vicinity of the Aitsu Marine Biological Station and a preliminary report on the cheliped asymmetry of the crabs. Calanus, 5: 31-46, figs., pl., 2 tabs.

Yamaguchi, T., 1993. A list of Species described in the Crustacea Volume of Fauna Japonica as belonging to the Japanese Fauna. In: T. Yamaguchi (ed.), Ph. von Siebold and Natural History of Japan. Crustacea. Carcinological Society of Japan: 571-598, figs 1-2.

Yang, S. & A. Dai, 1994. Further notes on the crabs (Brachyura Crustacea) from Nansha Islands and its adjacent waters. In: Marine Fauna and Flora and Biogeography of the Nansha Islands and Neighbouring waters, 1, China Ocean Press, Beijing: 125-147, figs 1-17, pl. 1. (In Chinese with English summary)

Yokoya, Y., 1933. On the Distribution of Decapod Crustaceans inhabiting the Continental Shelf around Japan, chiefly based upon the Materials collected by S.S. Sôyô-Maru, during the years 1923-1930. Journal of the College of Agriculture, Tokyo Imperial University, 12(1): 1-226, figs 1-71, tabls 1-4.

Portunus hastatoides