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Alcock, A.W., 1899a. Materials for a carcinological fauna of India. No. 4. The Brachyura Cyclometopa. Part 2. A revision of the Cyclometopa with an account of the families Portunidae, Cancridae and Corystidae. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, Calcutta, 68, part 2(1): 1-104, pls 1-2.

Barnard, K.H., 1947. Descriptions of new species of South African Decapod Crustacea, with notes on synonymy and new records. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, London, (11) 13(102): 361-392.

Barnard, K.H., 1950. Descriptive catalogue of South African Decapod Crustacea (Crabs and Shrimps). Annals of the South African Museum, 38: 1-837, figs 1-154.

Chen, H., 1975. Studies on the crabs of Xisha Islands, Guandong Provence, China. I. Studia marina sinica, 10: 157-179, figs 1-12, pls 1-3. (In Chinese with English summary.)

Crosnier, A., 1962. Crustacés Décapodes Portunidae. Faune de Madagascar, 16: 1-154, figs 1-256, pls 1-13.

Dai, A. & Z. Xu, 1991. A preliminary study on the crabs of the Nansha Islands, China. In: Symposium of Marine Biological Research from Nansha Islands and adjacent seas. Collected Papers, No. 3: 1-47, figs 1-28.

Dai, A. & S. Yang, 1991. Crabs of the China Seas, i-iv, 1-608, figs 1-295, pls 1-74. China Ocean Press, Beijing and Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo, English edition. (Translation from Chinese original 1986.)

Dana, J.D., 1852b. Conspectus Crustaceorum, etc., Conspectus of the Crustacea of the Exploring Expedition under Capt. C. Wilkes, U.S.N., including the Paguridea, continued, the Megalopidea, and the Macroura. Paguridea, continued, and subtribe Megalopidea. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences Philadelphia, 6: 73-86 (or 6-28).

Dana, J.D., 1852c. Crustacea. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842, under the command of Charles Wilkes, U.S.N., 13(pt. 1): i-viii, 1-685, pl. 8.

Dana, J.D., 1855. Crustacea. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842 under the command of Charles Wilkes, U.S.N., 14(Atlas): 1-27, pls 1-96.

Edmondson, C.H., 1923. Crustacea from Palmyra and Fanning Islands. Bulletin of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, 5: 1-43, figs 1-3, pls 1-2.

Edmondson, C.H., 1954. Hawaiian Portunidae. Occasional Papers of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, 21(12): 217-274, figs 1-44.

Forest, J. & D. Guinot, 1961. Crustacés Décapodes Brachyoures de Tahiti et des Tuamotu. In: Expédition française sur les récifs coralliens de la Nouvelle Calédonie. Vol. Préliminaire: i-xi, 1-195, figs 1-178, pls 1-18, 7 maps, tabls 1-3. Éditions de la Fondation Singer-Polignac.

Klunzinger, C.B., 1913. Die Rundkrabben (Cyclometopa) des Roten Meeres. Abhandlungen der kaiserlich Leop.-Carol. Deutschen Akademie der Naturforscher Halle, 99(2): 97-402, figs 1-4, pls 5-11.

Laurie, R.D., 1906. Report on the Brachyura collected by Professor Herdman, at Ceylon, in 1902. In: W.A. Herdman, Report to the Government of Ceylon on the Pearl Oyster Fisheries of the Gulf of Manaar with supplementary reports upon the Marine Biology of Ceylon by other Naturalists, part 5, suppl. Rep. 40: 349-432, figs 1-12, pls 1-2.

Leene, J.E., 1938. The Decapoda Brachyura of the Siboga-Expedition. VII. Brachygnatha: Portunidae. Siboga Expeditie Monografie, 39C3(livr. 131): i-iv, 1-156, 87 figs.

Lenz, H., 1910. Crustaceen von Madagascar, Ostafrika und Ceylon. In: A. Voeltzkow, Reise in Ostafrika in den Jahren 1903-1905 mit Mitteln der Hermann und Elise geb. Heckmann Wentzel-Stiftung ausgeführt. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse, Systematische Arbeiten, 2: 539-576, figs 1-4.

Michel, C., 1964. Checklist of the Crustacea Brachyura (Crabs) recorded from Mauritius. Mauritius Institute Bulletin, 6(1): 1-48.

Miers, E.J., 1884b. Crustacea (Brachyura). In: Report on the Zoological Collections made in the Indo-Pacific Ocean during the Voyage of H.M.S. Alert 1881-1882. Part I. The collections from Melanesia. Part II. The collections from the Western Indian Ocean. British Museum (Natural History), London, 8(2): 513-575, pls 46-52.

Miers, E.J., 1886. Report on the Brachyura collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876. In: C.W. Thompson & J. Murray, Report on the Scientific Results of the exploring Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876, under the command of Captain George S. Nares, R.N., F.R.S. and the Late Captain Frank Tourle Thomson, R.N., Zoology, 17(2): i-xli, 1-362, pls 1-29.

Milne Edwards, A., 1861. Études zoologiques sur les Crustacés récents de la famille des Portuniens. Archives du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, 10: 309-421, 2 unnumbered pages, pls 28-38 (11 pls).

Minei, H., 1971. Studies on the Portunids (Decapoda, Portunidae) of the Ryukyu Island. Biological Magazine, Okinawa, 8: 63-71, pls 1-4.

Miyake, S., 1936c. Reports on the Brachyura of Riu-kiu Islands, collected by the Yaeyama expeditions during the years 1932-1934. II. A list of the known species of the Brachyura from Ishigaki-Shima. Annotationes zoologicae japonenses, 15(4): 506-513.

Miyake, S., 1983. Japanese Crustacean Decapods and Stomatopods in color. Vol. II. Brachyura (Crabs), i-viii, 1-277, pls 1-64. Hoikusha, Osaka. (In Japanese; second edition in 1992)

Müller, F., 1887. Zur Crustaceen-fauna von Trincomali. Verhandlungen der naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Basel, 8: 470-485, pls 4-5.

Muraoka, K., 1998. Catalogue of the Brachyuran and Anomuran Crabs donated by Prof. Dr. Tune Sakai to the Kanagawa Prefectural Museum. Catalogue of the Collection in the Kanagawa Prefectural Museum of Natural History, 11: 5-67, pls 1-16.

Ng, P.K.L. & M.-S. Jeng, 1999b. The Brachyuran Crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Eumedonidae and Portunidae) Symbiotic with Echinoderms in Taiwan. Zoological Studies, 38(3): 268-274.

Nobili, M.G., 1906b. Faune carcinologique de la Mer Rouge. Décapodes et Stomatopodes. Annales des Sciences naturelles, Zoologie, (9) 4(1-3): 1-347, figs 1-12, pls 1-11.

Ortmann, A.E., 1893a. Die Decapoden-Krebse des Strassburger Museums, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der von Herrn Dr. Döderlein bei Japan und bei den Liu-Kiu-Inseln gesammelten und z.Z. im Strassburger Museum aufbewahrten Formen. Theil VI. Abtheilung: Brachyura (Brachyura genuina Boas), 1. Unterabtheilung: Majoidea und Cancroidea, 1. Section Portuninea. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abtheilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Thiere, 7(1): 23-88, pl. 3.

Rathbun, M.J., 1906. The Brachyura and Macrura of the Hawaiian Islands. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission, 23(3): i-viii, 827-930, figs 1-79, pls 1-24.

Rathbun, M.J., 1911. Marine Brachyura. In: The Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905, under the Leadership of Mr J. Stanley Gardiner. Vol. III, part II, No. XI. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, (Zool.), (2) 14(2): 191-261, figs 1-2, pls 15-20.

Richters, F., 1880. Decapoda. In: K. Möbius, Beiträge zur Meeresfauna der Insel Mauritius und der Seychellen, bearbeitet von K. Möbius, F. Richters und E. von Martens nach sammlungen, angelegt auf einer Reise nach Mauritius von K. Möbius, Berlin: 139-178, pls 15-18.

Sakai, T., 1935a. List of marine animals around Shimoda area. Biological report of Shimoda Marine Biological Station, Tokyo University of Literature and Science, 1: 23-85, 3 pls, 2 maps (In Japanese)

Sakai, T., 1939. Studies on the crabs of Japan. IV. Brachygnatha, Brachyrhyncha, pp. 365-741, figs 1-129, pls 42-111, table 1. Yokendo Co., Tokyo.

Sakai, T., 1976a. Crabs of Japan and the Adjacent Seas. (In 3 volumes: (1) English text: i-xxix, 1-773, figs 1-379, (2) Plates volume: 1-16, pls 1-251, (3) Japanese text: 1-461, figs 1-2, 3 maps.) Kodansha Ltd, Tokyo.

Stephenson, W. & B. Campbell, 1960. The Australian Portunids (Crustacea: Portunidae), IV. Remaining Genera. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 11(1): 73-122, figs 1-3, pls 1-6.

Stephenson, W., 1961. The Australian portunids (Crustacea: Portunidae). V. Recent collections. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 12(1): 92-128, figs 1-4, pls 1-5.

Stephenson, W., 1972a. Portunid crabs from the Indo-West-Pacific and Western America in the Zoological Museum, Copenhagen (Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae). Steenstrupia, 2(9): 127-156, figs 1-7.

Stephenson, W., 1972b. An annotated check list and key to the Indo-West-Pacific swimming crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Portunidae). Bulletin of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 10: 1-64.

Stephenson, W., 1975. Biological results of the Snellius Expedition. XXVI. The Portunidae (Decapoda-Brachyura) of the Snellius Expedition (Part 2). Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden, 49(14): 173-206, 7 figs, pls 1-3.

Stephenson, W., 1976. Note on Indo-West-Pacific Portunids (Decapoda, Portunidae) in the Smithsonian Institution. Crustaceana, 31(1): 11-26, fig. 1. (French summary.)

Takeda, M. & Y. Koyama, 1974. On some rare crabs from Kii Province. Researches on Crustacea, 6: 103-121, figs 1-3, pls 10-12. (In Japanese and English.)

Takeda, M. & S. Shimazaki, 1974. Studies on the Crustacea Brachyura of the Palau Islands. 2. Atelecyclidae, Portunidae, Goneplacidae, Pinnotheridae and Palicidae. Bulletin of the Liberal Arts & Science Course, Nihon University School of Medicine, 2: 41-79, fig. 1, pls 1-4.

Sea cucumber crab (Lissocarcinus orbicularis)