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(H. Milne Edwards, 1853)

Carapace about 1.1 times as broad as long, surface smooth, shining, punctate, setae in short tufts on anterior half, and posteriorly in rows along branchial lines; lateral margins slightly convergent posteriorly, antero-lateral margins with two forwardly directed teeth behind exorbital angle, the first one larger than exorbital tooth, the second blunt, minute but obvious; front with lateral angles rounded, postfrontal lobes distinct. Exopod of third maxilliped narrow, not much visible in frontal view. Cheliped merus with posterior border minutely granulate and faintly striated; palm with a swollen longitudinal ridge on upper surface, outer surface naked, with a median longitudinal crest, inner surface smooth except for a strongly raised granular vertical crest continuing obliquely for about two thirds of fixed finger; dactyl of male with three strong, truncate chitinous teeth on dorsal margin, spaced evenly over proximal half. (Türkay 1995)

Type locality: Port Natal, South Africa.
Range: South Africa - Port Natal (H. Milne Edwards, 1853), Port Natal and Inhaca Island (Davie, 1994), Mngazana (Emmerson, 1994); Dar es Salaam (Hartnoll, 1975); Madagascar - Nosy Bé and Nosy Faly (Crosnier, 1965), Nosy Bé (Davie, 1994); Aldabra Island (Haig, 1984); Mauritius (Michel, 1964); India - Kolak (Chhapgar, 1957); Malaysia - Kuala Selangor (Davie, 1994); Japan - Ishigaki-jima and Iriomote-jima (Sakai, 1976a); China - Hainan Island (Dai & Song, 1977, Dai & Yang, 1991); Philippines - Mactan Island and Manila (Davie, 1994); Gulf of Thailand (Rathbun, 1910a); Singapore (Tweedie, 1936); Indonesia - Java; Australia - Queensland; New Caledonia - Nouméa (Takeda & Nunomura, 1976); Fiji (Ortmann, 1894a).

Neosarmatium smithi