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Status in World Register of Marine Species

Accepted name: Dactylopterus volitans (Linnaeus, 1758)

Scientific synonyms and common names

Dactylopterus volitans Linnaeus, 1758

Synonyms:

Trigla volitans Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. X: 302 ('Habitat in Mari Mediterraneo Oceano, Pelago inter tropicas, in Asia, imprimis ad. C.b. spei, saepe agitata evolans ex aqua').
Pungitius pusillus Linnaeus, 1764, Mus. S.R.M. Adolphi Frederici, Tomi sec. Prodr.: 74, pl. XXXII (fig. 5), a young specimen.
Gasterosteus spinarella Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. X: 297 ('India', Guiana, fide Cuvier, 1829: 162), based on Pungitius spinarella.
'Trigla pinna singulari pinnis pectoralibus' Gronovius, 1763, Zoophylacium: 85, no. 285.
Gasterosteus spinarella: Linnaeus, 1766: 492 Gmelin, 1789: 1327-1328 Shaw, 1803: 608.
Trigla volitans: Linnaeus, 1766: 498 Meuschen, 1781: no. 285 Bonnaterre, 1788: 147, fig. 239 (pl. 61) Gmelin, 1789: 1346 Bloch, 1793: 115-121, pl. CCCLI Bloch & Schneider, 1801: 12 Cuvier, 1829, in Cuv. Val., 4: 117-133.
Trigla tentabunda . . . Walbaum, 1792, Artedi Piscium . . ., 3: 362 (non binom.).
Gasterosteus spiranella (sic): Walbaum, 1792, ibid.: 450 Cuvier, 1829, 2: 162.
Trigla fasciata Schneider, 1801, in Bloch & Schneider, Syst. Ichthyol.: 16, pl. 3 (fig. 1).
Cephalacanthus spinarella: Lacepède, 1801, 3: 323.
Dactylopterus pirapeda Lacepède, 1801, Hist. nat. Poissons, 3: 325 (Méditerranée, etc.) (spelled 'pipapeda' by Cervigon, 1966: 783).
'Flying gurnard' Shaw, 1803: 622, pl. 91.
Dactylopterus pirapeda: Risso, 1810: 201-203; 1826, 3: 404.
Dactylopterus pirapera (err. typ.): Rafinesque-Schmaltz, 1810b: 28.
Polynemus sexradiatus Mitchill, 1815, Trans. lit. phil. Soc. New York, 1: 449, pl. IV (fig. 10) (P. tridigitatus).
Polynemus tridigitatus Mitchill, 1815, ibid.: 449 (P. sexradiatus), pl. IV (fig. 10).
Callionymus pelagicus Rafinesque-Schmaltz, 1818, Amer. monthly Mag., January: 205, fide Jordan & Evermann, 1898, 2: 2183 (Atlantique).
Dactylopterus pirapeda: Risso, 1826: 404.
Cephalacanthus spinarella: Cuvier, 1829, in Cuv. Val., 4: 138-141, pl. '73-77' (lower fig.) Valenciennes, 1840: 63, pl. 20 (fig. 4) Günther, 1860a: 224 Steindachner, 1867: 694, pl. II (fig. 2) (kept separate from volitans).
Dactylophorus volitans Swainson, 1839: 262.
Dactylophorus occidentalis Swainson, 1839, Nat. Hist. Fishes, 2: 262 (Dactylopterus: 415) (West Indies, St. Vincent).
Dactylophorus blochii Swainson, 1839, ibid.: 262 (Dactylopterus: 415-416).
Dactylophorus tentaculatus Swainson, 1839, ibid: 262 (Dactylopterus: 416).
Dactylophorus fasciatus Swainson, 1839, ibid.: 262 (Dactylopterus: 416-417) nec
Dactylophorus trigloides Swainson, 1839, ibid.: 262 (Dactylopterus: 417) [Triglacorvus Rafinesque-Schmaltz, 1810]
Dactylopterus volitans: DeKay, 1842: 49-51, pl. 17 (46) Störer, 1855: 70-72, pl. 6 (fig 5) Günther, 1860, 2: 221 Steindachner, 1867: 693-694, pl. II (fig. 3) Lütken, 1880b: 417-428, pl. I (fig. 1-5) (10 fig.) (young stages) Moreau, 1881, 1: 253-260, fig. 110-111(111 = juv.) Doderlein, 1891: 290-293 Moreau, 1892: 195-196 Griffini, 1903: 343-345, fig. 180 F. de Buen, 1935: 126, fig. 97-98, pl. XLVIII Cadenat, 1951: 249, fig. 184 Albuquerque, 1954-1956: 927-928, fig. 385 (from Norman) Soljan, 1959: 1 fig. n. num. Tortonese, 1965c: 162-163, fig.: 163 Sanches, 1966: 164, 1 fig. Böhlke & Chaplin, 1968: 653, 1 fig. n. num.Bini, 1969, 7: 185-186, 2 fig. col.
Dactylopterus communis Owen, 1851, Osteol. Cat., 1: 56.
Gonocephalus macrocephalus Gronow, 1854: 106.
Dactyloptera (err. typ.) volitans Graells, 1855 [not seen]
Dactylopterus vulgaris (lapsus cal.) Steindachner, 1867, Sitzber. math. nat. Kl. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 56 (1): 694.
Corystion volitans: Pollen, 1877: 63.
Cephalacanthus volitans: Jordan & Evermann, 1898, 2: 2183, pl. CCCXXIII (fig. 778) Evermann & Marsh, 1902: 285-286, fig. 86 Fowler, 1936: 945-947, fig. 394 (juv.) Cadenat, 1951: 307 [Cephalacanthus Dactylopterus) volitans] Lozano Rey, 1952: 330-335, pl. XXVII (fig. 3) & XXVIII (fig. 76) (juv. from Fowler) Poll, 1959: 234-237, fig. 78 (2 fig.) Blache et al., 1970: 419, fig. 214, 1071a-b.

Common names:

flying gurnard [En]
grondin volant [Fr]
hirondelle [Fr]
pesce civetta [It]
pez volador [Es]
rondine di mare [It]

Flying gurnard (Dactylopterus volitans)