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Hatschek, 1888

Here the class Hydrozoa (hydrocorals), and class Anthozoa (black corals, stony corals, soft corals and sea pens) are presented.

Description: Radially symmetric animals with a gastrovascular cavity that has one opening to the outside. The animals possess nematocysts, tiny organelles that serve for defence and capturing prey. Two main body forms present, the polyp and the medusa.

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CLASS ANTHOZOA
Order SCLERACTINIA (MADREPORARIA)

Family Astrocoeniidae Koby, 1890
Genus Stylocoeniella Yabe & Sugiyama, 1935

Family Pocilloporidae Gray, 1842
Genus Madracis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849
Genus Palauastrea Yabe & Sugiyama, 1941
Genus Pocillopora Lamarck, 1816
Genus Seriatopora Lamarck, 1816
Genus Stylophora Schweigger, 1819

Family Acroporidae Verrill, 1902
Genus Acropora Oken, 1815
Subgenus Acropora Oken, 1815
Subgenus Isopora Studer, 1878
Genus Anacropora Ridley, 1884
Genus Astreopora Blainville, 1830
Genus Montipora Blainville, 1830

Family Poritidae Gray, 1842
Genus Alveopora Blainville, 1830
Genus Goniopora Blainville, 1830
Genus Porites Link, 1807
Genus Stylaraea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851

Family Siderastreidae Vaughan & Wells, 1943
Genus Coscinaraea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
Genus Psammocora Dana, 1846
Genus Pseudosiderastrea Yabe & Sugiyama, 1935

Family Agariciidae Gray, 1847
Genus Coeloseris Vaughan, 1918
Genus Gardineroseris Scheer & Pillai, 1974
Genus Leptoseris Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849
Genus Pachyseris Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849
Genus Pavona Lamarck, 1801

Family Fungiidae Dana, 1846
Genus Cantharellus Hoeksema & Best, 1984
Genus Ctenactis Verrill, 1864
Genus Fungia Lamarck, 1801
Subgenus Cycloseris Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849
Subgenus Danafungia Wells, 1966
Subgenus Fungia Lamarck, 1801
Subgenus Lobactis Verrill, 1864
Subgenus Pleuractis Verrill, 1864
Subgenus Verrillofungia Wells, 1966
Subgenus Wellsofungia Hoeksema, 1989
Genus Halomitra Dana, 1846
Genus Heliofungia Wells, 1966
Genus Herpolitha Eschscholtz, 1825
Genus Lithophyllon Rehberg, 1892
Genus Podabacia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849
Genus Polyphyllia de Blainville, 1830
Genus Sandalolitha Quelch, 1884
Genus Zoopilus Dana, 1846

Family Oculinidae Gray, 1847
Genus Acrhelia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849
Genus Galaxea Oken, 1815

Family Pectiniidae Vaughan & Wells, 1943
Genus Echinophyllia Klunzinger, 1879
Genus Mycedium Oken, 1815
Genus Oxypora Saville-Kent, 1871
Genus Pectinia Oken, 1815
Genus Physophyllia Duncan, 1884

Family Mussidae Ortmann, 1890
Genus Acanthastrea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
Genus Australomussa Veron, 1985
Genus Blastomussa Wells, 1961
Genus Cynarina Brüggemann, 1877
Genus Indophyllia Gerth, 1921
Genus Lobophyllia de Blainville, 1830
Genus Scolymia Haime, 1952
Genus Symphyllia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848

Family Merulinidae Verrill, 1866
Genus Boninastrea Yabe & Sugiyama, 1935
Genus Hydnophora Fischer de Waldheim, 1807
Genus Merulina Ehrenberg, 1834
Genus Paraclavarina Veron, 1985
Genus Scapophyllia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848

Family Faviidae Gregory, 1900
Genus Australogyra Veron & Pichon, 1982
Genus Barabattoia Yabe & Sugiyama, 1941
Genus Caulastrea Dana, 1846
Genus Cyphastrea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
Genus Diploastrea Matthai, 1914
Genus Echinopora Lamarck, 1816
Genus Favia Oken, 1815
Genus Favites Link, 1807
Genus Goniastrea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
Genus Leptastrea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
Genus Leptoria Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
Genus Montastrea de Blainville, 1830
Genus Moseleya Quelch, 1884
Genus Oulastrea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
Genus Oulophyllia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
Genus Platygyra Ehrenberg, 1834
Genus Plesiastrea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848

Family Trachyphylliidae Verrill, 1901
Genus Trachyphyllia Milne Edwards & Haime

Family Caryophylliidae Gray, 1847
Genus Heterocyathus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848

Family Euphylliidae Veron, 2000
Genus Catalaphyllia Wells, 1971
Genus Euphyllia Dana, 1846
Genus Gyrosmilia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851
Genus Montigyra Matthai, 1928
Genus Nemenzophyllia Hodgson & Ross, 1981
Genus Physogyra Quelch, 1884
Genus Plerogyra Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848

Family Dendrophyllidae Gray, 1847
Genus Balanophyllia Wood, 1844
Genus Dendrophyllia de Blainville, 1830
Genus Duncanopsammia Wells, 1936
Genus Heteropsammia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
Genus Tubastraea Lesson, 1829
Genus Turbinaria Oken, 1815

Family Flabellidae Bourne, 1905
Genus Blastotrochus Milne Edwards and Haime, 1848
Genus Truncatoflabellum Cairns, 1989

Order ANTIPATHARIA

Family Antipathidae Ehrenberg, 1834
Genus Antipathes Pallas, 1766
Genus Aphanipathes Brook, 1889
Genus Cirrhipathes Blainville, 1834
Genus Stichopathes Brook, 1889

Family Myriopathidae Opresko, 2001
Genus Cupressopathes Opresko, 2001
Genus Myriopathes Opresko, 2001

Family Schizopathidae Brook, 1889
Genus Parantipathes Brook, 1889

Subclass OCTOCORALLIA

Order COENOTHECALIA (HELIOPORACEA)
Family Helioporidae Moseley, 1876
Genus Heliopora de Blainville, 1830

Order ALCYONCEA
Suborder Stolonifera

Family Clavulariidae Hickson, 1894
Genus Clavularia Blainville, 1830

Family Tubiporidae Ehrenberg, 1828
Genus Tubipora Linnaeus, 1758

Family Coelogorgiidae Bayer, 1981
Genus Carijoa Müller, 1867
Genus Coelogorgia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857
Genus Paratelesto Utinomi, 1958

Suborder ALCYONIINA

Family Alcyoniidae Lamouroux, 1812
Genus Bellonella Gray, 1862
Genus Cladiella Gray, 1869
Genus Eleutherobia Pütter, 1909
Genus Klyxum Alderslade, 2000
Genus Lobophytum von Marenzeller, 1886
Genus Paraminabea Williams & Alderslade, 1999
Genus Rhytisma Alderslade, 2000
Genus Sarcophyton Lesson, 1834
Genus Sinularia May, 1898

Family Nephtheidae Gray, 1862
Genus Capnella Gray, 1869
Genus Dendronephthya Kükenthal, 1905
Genus Lemnalia Gray, 1868
Genus Litophyton Forskål, 1775
Genus Nephthea Andouin, 1828
Genus Paralemnalia Kükenthal, 1913
Genus Scleronephthya Studer, 1887
Genus Stereonephthya Kükenthal, 1905
Genus Umbellulifera Thomson & Dean, 1931

Family Nidaliidae Gray, 1869
Genus Chironephthya Studer, 1887
Genus Nephthyigorgia Kükenthal, 1910
Genus Nidalia Gray, 1834
Genus Siphonogorgia von Kölliker, 1874

Family Paralcyoniidae Bayer, 1981?
Genus Studeriotes Thomson & Simpson, 1909

Family Xeniidae Verrill, 1864
Genus Anthelia Lamarck, 1816
Genus Asterospicularia Utinomi, 1951
Genus Cespitularia Milne-Edwards, 1857
Genus Efflatounaria Gohar, 1934
Genus Heteroxenia Kölliker, 1874
Genus Sansibia Alderslade, 2000
Genus Sympodium Ehrenberg, 1834
Genus Xenia Lamarck, 1816

Suborder SCLERAXONIA

Family Briareidae Gray, 1859
Genus Briareum Blainville, 1834

Family Anthothelidae Broch, 1916
Genus Alertigorgia Kükenthal, 1908
Genus Erythropodium Kölliker, 1865
Genus Solenocaulon Gray, 1862

Family Subergorgiidae Gray, 1859
Genus Annella Gray, 1858
Genus Subergorgia Gray, 1857

Family Melitheidae Gray, 1870
Genus Acabaria Gray, 1859
Genus Clathraria Gray, 1859
Genus Melithaea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857
Genus Mopsella Gray, 1857

Family Parisididae Aurivillius, 1931
Genus Parisis Verrill, 1864

Suborder HOLAXONIA
Family Keroeidae Kinoshita, 1910
Genus Keroeides Wright & Studer, 1887

Family Acanthogorgiidae Gray, 1859
Genus Acanthogorgia Gray, 1857
Genus Anthogorgia Verrill, 1868
Genus Muricella Verrill, 1868

Family Plexauridae Gray, 1859
Genus Astrogorgia Verrill, 1868
Genus Bebryce Philippi, 1841
Genus Echinogorgia Kölliker, 1865
Genus Echinomuricea Verrill, 1869
Genus Euplexaura Verrill, 1869
Genus Lapidogorgia Grasshoff, 1999
Genus Menella Gray, 1870
Genus Paracis Kükenthal, 1919
Genus Paraplexaura Kükenthal,1909
Genus Trimuricea Gordon, 1926
Genus Villogorgia Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860

Family Gorgoniidae Lamouroux, 1812
Genus Guaiagorgia Grasshoff & Alderslade, 1997
Genus Hicksonella Nutting, 1910
Genus Pinnigorgia Grasshoff & Alderslade, 1997
Genus Pseudopterogorgia Kükenthal, 1919
Genus Rumphella Bayer, 1955

Family Ellisellidae Gray, 1859
Genus Ctenocella Valenciennes, 1855
Genus Dichotella Gray, 1870
Genus Ellisella Gray, 1858
Genus Heliania Gray, 1860
Genus Junceella Valenciennes, 1855
Genus Nicella Gray, 1870
Genus Verrucella Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857
Genus Viminella Gray, 1870

Family Ifalukellidae Bayer, 1955
Genus Plumigorgia Nutting, 1910

Family Isididae Lamouroux, 1812
Genus Isis Linnaeus, 1758

Order PENNATULACEA

Family Veretillidae Herklots, 1858
Genus Cavernulina Kukenthal & Broch, 1911
Genus Lituaria Valenciennes in Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850
Genus Veretillum Cuvier, 1798

Family Kophophelemnidae Gray, 1860
Genus Sclerobelemnon Kolliker, 1872

Family Virgulariidae Verrill, 1868
Genus Scytalium Herklots, 1858
Genus Virgularia Lamarck, 1816

Family Pteroeididae Kolliker, 1880
Genus Pteroeides Herklots, 1858

SUPERCLASS: HYDROZOA

CLASS LEPTOLOIDA

Subclass ANTHOATHECATAE

Order FILIFERA

Family Stylasteridae Gray, 1831
Genus Distichopora Lamarck, 1816
Genus Stylaster Gray, 1831

Order CAPITATA

Family Milleporidae Fleming, 1828
Genus Millepora Linnaeus, 1758

Phylum Cnidaria